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End of Year Review

QuestionAnswer
The Supreme Court case that determines the justices ability to judge laws constitutional or unconstitutional. Marbury vs. Madison
Supreme Court case that decides the federal government comes before state government. Gibbons vs. Ogden
Jefferson originally wanted to purchase New Orleans because the port was important to American shipping. Napoleon (France) asked if America wanted to buy the entire French territory. Louisiana Purchase 1803
1854- Created 2 states that gave the residents the right to chose whether to allow slavery through popular sovereignty which made the Missouri-Compromise unconstitutional. Kansas-Nebraska Act
1852- Harriet Beecher Stowe anti-slavery book, widely read, hated by southerners, made northerners more skeptical of slavery Uncle Tom's Cabin
Transcendentalist who protested the Mexican American War by not paying his taxes. Henry David Thoreau
Abolitionist who published the newspaper, "The Liberator." William Lloyd Garrison
Reform movement activist known for prison and mental institutions reform. Dorothea Dix
An abolitionist who was a "conductor" on the Underground Railroad. Harriet Tubman
1855- A sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-slavery supporters that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. The dispute further strained the relations between the North and South. Bleeding Kansas
1857- Supreme Court Case where a slave, Dred Scott, sued for his freedom because he had been taken to live in territories where slavery was illegal; the courts ruled against him and argued that slaves were property and not protected by the Constitution. Dred Scott vs. Sanford (Dred Scott Case)
An abolitionist who put together a group of followers to attack a US arsenal at Harpers Ferry to get weapons to arm slaves an abolitionists for a rebellion to end slavery. John Brown
Election where Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. The south no longer felt it had a voice in politics and a number of states seceded from the Union. Election of 1860
1863- Speech to dedicate a national cemetery on the grounds of a decisive battle. Gettysburg Address
An American statesman and politician who served as the first and only President of the Confederate States of America. Jefferson Davis
American general and the eighteenth president of the United States (1869-1877). He was famous for leading the Union to victory. Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate Army general from Virginia who opposed slavery and secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by force. Robert E. Lee
April 12, 1861- Union fort in South Carolina attacked by Confederates when the Union tried to resupply it. Official beginning to the Civil War. Fort Sumter
January 1863- Issued by Lincoln that declared all slaves in rebelling states free. Emancipation Proclamation
1863- General Lee led the Confederate troops into Pennsylvania. Union victory was a turning point in the Civil War. Battle of Gettysburg
April 9, 1865- Site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant. Appomattox Court House (Virginia)
April 15, 1865- Fatal meeting between John Wilkes Booth and Lincoln at Ford's Theater. Assassination of Lincoln
1865- Amendment abolishing slavery. 13th Amendment
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color or previous condition of servitude. 15th Amendment
Citizenship to all people born in the US. 14th Amendment
Resulted from Britain's support of Indian hostilities along the frontier and impressment of American sailors into British navy. War of 1812
Francis Scott Key wrote this while observing the Battle of Fort McHenry. Star Spangled Banner
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery. One state would enter as a free state, the other as a slave state. All states north of the 36, 30 degree latitude line would be free. Missouri Compromise
1823- Declared any attempts of a European nation colonizing in the western hemisphere an act of war. Monroe Doctrine
Our 7th president. President of the "Common Man." His party became today's Democratic party. Andrew Jackson
South Carolina (led by Jackson's VP John C. Calhoun) argued that the states should be allowed to nullify the Tariff of 1832. Nullification Crisis
1830- Signed by President Jackson, the law permitted the negotiation of treaties to obtain Indian lands in exchange for their relocation to what would become Oklahoma. Indian Removal Act
Federal case that favored the rights of the Native Americans of Georgia and their claim to their land. Worcester vs. Georgia
This allowed CA to join the Union as a free state, New Mexico and Utah use popular sovereignty to decide slavery and new slaves are banned from the nation's capital. The Fugitive Slave Law is passed and the border between Texas and New Mexico is set. Compromise of 1850
Distinguished senator from Kentucky. He was a war hawk for the War of 1812 and known as the "Great Compromiser." Henry Clay
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods. Industrial Revolution
Movement to ban the sale and consumption of alcohol. Temperance Movement
He led a comprehensive effort to improve schools in the Education Reform Movement. Horace Mann
A notion held by 19th Century Americans that the United States was meant to rule from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Phrase penned by John O'Sullivan. Manifest Destiny
Conflict that occurred after the US annexation of Texas. As the victor, the US acquired vast new territories from Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Mexican/American War
Speech that stressed that bringing of the North and South back together. Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
Women's Right Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized this convention for women. Seneca Falls Convention
Organized labor groups. Union
Organized labor protest. Strike
Nation that brought slavery into North America. Dutch
Invented by Eli Whitney. Interchangeable Parts or Cotton Gin
Northerners who moved to the south to make a profit during Reconstruction. Carpetbaggers
Working the land for a few crops, indebted to the land owner, led to poverty in the south after the war. Sharecropping
Two countries in the way of US realizing Manifest Destiny. Mexico and Great Britain
Ended the War of 1812. Treaty of Ghent
Ended the Mexican/American War. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Jackson gave government jobs to supporters. What is this known as? Spoils System
John Quincy Adams won the electoral vote while Andrew Jackson won the popular vote. House of Rep. had decide on the winner. Election of 1824
Nickname Jackson's supporters gave to the Election of 1824. Corrupt Bargain
4th President and President during the War of 1812. James Madison
Brought textile mills to America. Samuel Slater
Started the Industrial Revolution. Great Britain
1849- This caused immigration to California which allowed quick annexation to US. Became a free state under the Compromise of 1850. Gold Rush
Created by: weinkek