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Chapter 2: Government and Civics

Autocracy A form of government where the ruler has absolute, or total power
Oligarchy A form of government where a political party or other small group makes all the major decisions
Democracy A form of government where citizens have the power in choosing their leaders
Parliamentary Democracy A form of government where citizens can vote for a representative from the political party that represents their views and the party with the most seats in parliament (legislature) picks the head of government
Presidential Democracy A form of government where citizens elect the president as head of government separately from the legislature
Unitary the central (national) government holds almost all the power
Confederation local governments hold all the power
Federal power is shared among different levels of government; central and local
Dictatorship A form of government where one person controls the entire country
Absolute Monarchy A form of government where the sovereign (monarch) has all the power
Head of Government The person in charge of the day-to-day business of running the country
Head of State a leader who does not have very much power
Constitutional Monarchy A form of government that has a king or queen as its head of state; his/her powers are limited by the constitution
Legislative Branch usually made up of people who are elected by the citizens of the country - main purpose is to create laws
Executive Branch main purpose is to enforce, or carry out, the laws passed by the legislative branch
Judicial Branch in charge of the courts in a country that settle disputes among citizens and the government; interpret and apply laws
Created by: smmhr5