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MCAT Beh. Sci Ch. 12

TermDefinition
Social Stratification Is Based On: Socioeconomic status (SES)
Ascribed Status Is: Involuntary and derives from clearly identifiable characteristics, such as age, gender, and skin color
Achieved Status Is: Acquired through direct, individual efforts
A Social Class Is: A category of people with shared socioeconomic characteristics.
Power Is: The capacity to influence people through real or perceived rewards and punishments. This depends on the unequal distribution of valued resources.
Anomie Is: A state of normlessness. Anomic conditions erode social solidarity by means of excessive individualism, social inequality, and isolation.
Social Capital Is: The investment people make in their society in return for economic or collective rwards.
Meritocracy Refers To: A society in which advancement up the social ladder is based on intellectual talent and achievement.
Social Mobility: Allows one to acquire higher-level employment opportunities by achieving required credentials and experience.
Poverty Is: A socioeconomic condition which is determined by the government's calculation of the minimum income requirements for families to acquire the minimum necessities of life.
Social Reproduction Refers To: The passing on of social inequality, especially poverty, from one generation to the next.
Absolute Poverty Is: When people do not have resources to acquire basic life necessities, such as shelter, food, clothing, and water
Relative Poverty Is: When one is poor in comparison to a larger population
Social Exclusion Is: A sense of powerlessness when individuals feel alienated from society.
Spatial Inequality Is: A form of social stratification across territories and their populations, and can occur along residential, environmental, and global lines.
Environmental Injustice Refers To: An uneven distribution of environmental hazards in communities.
Globalization Has Led To: Further inequalities in space, food and water, energy, housing, and education as the production of goods shifts to cheaper and cheaper labor markets.
Incidence Is Calculated As: The number of new cases of a disease per population at risk in a given period of time.
Prevalence Is Calculated As: The number of cases of a disease per population in a given period of time.
Morbidity Is: The burden or degree of illness associated with a given disease
Mortality Refers To: Deaths caused by a given disease
Health Is Dependent On: Geographic, social, and economic factors
The Second Sickness Refers To: An exacerbation of health outcomes caused by social injustice
Poverty Is Associated With: Worse health outcomes, including decreased life expectancy, higher rates of life-shortening diseases, higher rates of suicide and homicide, and higher infant mortality rates
Rank Of Racial And Ethnic Health Profiles From Worst To Best: African-American, white Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders
Females Have Better Health Profiles Than Males Which Includes: Higher life expectancy, lower rates of life-threatening illnesses, and higher rates of accessing and utilizing health resources.
Females Have Higher Rates Of: Chronic diseases and higher morbidity rates
Efforts To Improve Healthcare For Underserved Populations Include: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Medicare and Medicaid programs
Low-Income Graoups And Racial And Ethnic Minorities Receive Worse Care Than: White Americans
Biases Against Overweight Or Obese Patients Are Associated With: Lower-quality treatment, including less preventative care and fewer screenings
LGBT Men And Women May Have Barriers To Care Due To: Prejudices, discrimination, and homophobia
Created by: SamB91