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US history ch 20

The Vietnam War Era 1954-1975

Ho Chi Minh most important voice demanding independence for Vietnam
domino theory idea that if a nation falls to communism, its closest neighbors will also fall under communist control
Dien Bien Phu a military base in northwest Vietnam
South East Asia Treaty Organization(SEATO) defensive alliance aimed at preventing communist aggression in Asia
Vietcong South Vietnamese communist rebels that waged a guerrilla war against the government of South Vietnam throughout the Vietnam War
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1964 congressional resolution that authorized President Johnson to commit U.S. troops to South Vietnam and fight a war against North Vietnam
William Westmoreland American commander in South Vietnam
napalm jellied gasoling dropped in canisters that explode on impact and cover large areas in flames; dropped by U.S. planes during the Vietnam War
hawk a person who supported U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War
dove person who opposed U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War
draftee young American man drafted into military service during the Vietnam War
Students for a Democratic Society(SDS) organization founded in 1960 at the University of Michigan to fight racism and poverty
"credibility gap" America public's growing distrust of statements made by the government during the Vietnam War
Tet Offensive communist assault on a large number of South Vietnamese cities in early 1968
Eugene McCarthy Minnesota senator, antiwar candidate for the Democratic Party
Robert Kennedy New York's Democratic senator presidential candidate
Vietnamization President Nixon's plan for gradual withdrawal of U.S. forces as South Vietnamese troops assumed more combat duties
Kent State University threw rocks and bottles ar members of the National Guard
My Lai village that was searched by American troops on March 16th, 1968
Pentagon Papers classified U.S. government study that revealed American leaders intentionally involved the United States in Vietnam without fully informing the American people; leaked to the New York Times in 1971
Paris Peace Accords 1973 peace agreement between the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War
War Powers Act 1973 law passed by Congress restricting the President's war-making powers; requires the President to consult with Congress before committing American forces to a foreign conflict
Henry Kissinger Nixon's leading adviser on national security and international affairs
realpolitik a foreign policy promoted by Henry Kissinger during the Nixon administration based on concrete national interests instead of abstract ideologies
Zhou Enlai Chinese Premier
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty 1972 treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union that froze the deployment of intercontinental ballistic missiles and placed limits on antiballistic missiles
detente flexible diplomacy adopted by Richard Nixon to ease tensions between the United States, the Soviet Union, and the People's Republic of China
Created by: jnewmm