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US history ch 19

The Kennedy and Johnson Years

TermDefinition
John F. Kennedy Democrat nominee in election of 1960
Richard M. Nixon Republican nominee in election of 1960
Fidel Castro head of Communist regime in Cuba
flexible response defense policy allowing for the appropriate action in any size or type of conflict
Peace Corps American government organization that sends volunteers to provide technical, educational, and medical services in developing countries
Alliance for Progress President Kennedy's program that gave economic aid to Latin America
Bay of Pigs invasion 1961 failed invasion of Cuba by a CIA-led force of Cuban exiles
Cuban missile crisis 1962 conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union resulting from the Soviet installation of nuclear missiles in Cuba
Nikita Khrushchev Soviet head of Communist party
hot line direct telephone line between the White House and the Kremlin set up after the Cuban missile crisis
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 1963 nuclear-weapons agreement, which banned aboveground nuclear tests
Berlin Wall dividing wall built by East Germant in 1961 to isolate West Berlin from Communist controlled East Berlin
New Frontier President Kennedy's plan aimed at improving the economy, fighting racial discrimination, and exploring space
Equal Pay Act 1963 law that required both men and women to receive equal pay for equal work
Defecit spending practice of a nation paying out more money than it is receiving in revenues
space race the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to develop the technology to successfully land on the moon
Warren Commission committee that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson became President after Kennedy's assassination
Civil Rights Act became law in the summer of 1964
War on Poverty President Johnson's programs aimed at aiding the country's poor through education, job training, proper health care, and nutrition
Economic Opportunity Act law passed in 1964 creating antipoverty programs
Great Society Johnson's vision for America
Medicare federal program created in 1965 to provide basic hospital insurance to most Americans 65 and over
Medicaid federal program created in 1965 to provide low-cost health insurance to poor Americans of any age
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 law that changed the national quota system to limits of 170,000 immigrants per year from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 per year from the Western Hemisphere
Warren Court Supreme Court of the 1960s under Chief Justice Earl Warren, whose decision supported civil rights
Created by: jnewmm