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US history ch 18

The Civil Rights Movement 1945-1975

de jure segregation segregation imposed by law
de facto segregation segregation by unwritten custom of tradition
Thurgood Marshall African American lawyer from Baltimore, Maryland
Brown v. Board of Education attempt to segregate public education in Topeka, Kansas
Earl Warren Chief Justice, opinion writer for Brown v. Board of Education
Civil Rights Act of 1957 law that established a federal Civil Rights Commission
Rosa Parks African American seamstress, boarded a bus in Montgomery, AL and said no
Montgomery bus boycott 1955-1956; protest by African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama, against racial segregation in the bus system
Martin Luther King Jr. baptist minister, prominent Civil Rights activist and leader
sit-in form of protest where participants sit and refuse to move
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee(SNCC) grassroots movement founded in 1960 by young civil rights activists
freedom ride 1961 protest by activists who rode buses through southern states to test their compliance with the ban on segregation on interstate buses
James Meredith Air Force veteran who enrolled at Ole Miss
Medgar Evers instrumental in getting Meredith enrolled at Ole Miss
March on Washington 1963 demonstration in which more than 200,000 people rallied for economic equality and civil rights
filibuster tactic by which senators give long speeches to hold up legislative business
Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination in public places and employment based on race, religion, or national origin
Freedom Summer 1964 effort to register African American voters in Mississippi
Fannie Lou Hamer one of MFDP's leaders, gave powerful testimony
Voting Rights Act law that banned literacy tests and empowered the federal government to oversee voter registration
Twenty-fourth Amendment constitutional amendment that banned the poll tax as a voting requirement
Kerner Commission group set up to investigate the causes of race riots in American cities in the 1960s
Malcolm X African American radical
Nation of Islam African American religious organization founded in 1930 that advocated separation of the races
black power movement in the 1960s that urged African Americans to use their collective political and economic power to gain equality
Black Panthers organization of militant African Americans founded in 1966
Created by: jnewmm