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US history ch 14

The Coming of War 1931-1942

TermDefinition
Totalitarianism a theoryy of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
Joseph Stalin Leader of the Communist Party in Russia/Soviet Union after the death of Lenin
Benito Mussolini Leader/Founder of the Fascist party in Italy
Adolf Hitler Leader of the Nazi Party in Germany
anti-Semitic prejudice against Jewish people
Spanish Civil War Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco rebelled against the democratic Republican government of Spain
Appeasement Britain and France's policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace with Germany
Anschluss (forced) union of Germany and Austria in 1933
Munich Pact agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace
blitzkrieg "lightning war" that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemy's territory
Axis Powers group of countries led by Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought the Allies in World War II
Allies group of countries led by Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union that fought the Axis Powers in World War II
Winston Churchill new Prime Minister of Britain
Neutrality Act of 1939 act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships
Tripartite Pact agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy and Japan
Lend-Lease Act act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the United States
Atlantic Charter a joint declaration made in August 1941 by Great Britain and the United States, during World War II, that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of general security
Hideki Tojo Japanese general who became the Prime Minister of Japan
Pearl Harbor American military base attacked by the Japanese on December 7th, 1941
WAC(Women's Army Corps) U.S. Army group established during World War II so that women could serve in noncombat roles
Douglas MacArthur commander of the United States Navy forces in Asia
Bataan Death March during World War II, the forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military
Battle of Coral Sea World War II battle that took place between Japanese and American aircraft carriers
Created by: jnewmm