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2nd semester study

U.S. History I 2nd semester study guide

TermDefinition
Henry Clay The great Compromise.
Industrial Revolution The ongoing effort to increase production through the use of machines.
First industry of I.R. Textile
Spoils system Supported by Andrew Jackson; practice of appointing people to government jobs on the basis of party loyalty and support.
Indian removal Act-> Trail of Tears Passed by Andrew Jackson.
Educational reform-> Horace Mann Leader
Seneca Falls Convention 1st convention for women's rights.
Abolition Movement Reform movement that caused the greatest tension between the North and South.
Fredrick Douglass Escape slave who became a great orator and abolitionist.
William Lloyd Garrison Published the Liberator.
Sojourner Truth Former slave who traveled throughout the North, speaking out against slavery.
Tariff of Abominations South Carolina threatened to secede when congress levied it.
Manifest Destiny Idea that America would eventually stretch across North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Brigham Young and Mormon Trail Traveled trail and settled in Utah.
Battle of the Alamo Fort outside of San Antonio, and was captured by Mexico after 13 days of fighting.
Battle of San Jacinto Texas gained its independence here.
"Fifty- Four Forty or Fight" Led to the treaty of 1846, settling the Oregon Question.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo U.S. gained New Mexico, California and Texas.
Conscience and Cotton Whigs A faction of the Whig party in the North Whose ties to textile manufacturing led them to emphasize slavery.
49ers Many immigrants, a peak of the rush.
Uncle Tom's Cabin A novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 which portrayed slavery as Brutal and immoral, made northerners more skeptical of Slavery.
Underground railroad->Conductors->Harriet Tubman A network of Secret routes and safe houses.
Dred Scott Case A slave who sued the U.S. for his freedom after living in free territories.
John Brown's Raid Racial equality, and dignified hearing after his capture, became a martyr in the North.
States that Seceded Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, and Louisiana, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.
Robert E. Lee The leading General of the confederate army during the civil war.
Advantages of the North -Had almost 4 times as many free citizens. -Had many people to grow food and to work in factories making supplies. -Had more than 70% of the nation's rail lines. -Had a strong navy and a large fleet of private trading ships.
Disadvantages of the North -Northern soldiers had to conquer a huge area to bring the South back into the Union. -They were invading unfamiliar land.
Advantages of the South -Defending their homeland gave them a strong reason to fight. -Had skills that made them good soldiers. -Many of the best officers in the United States were from the South.
Disadvantages of the south -Had few factories to produce weapons, railroad tracts, and other supplies. Had few railroads to move troops and vital supplies. -The South had a small population, about 9 million lived in the Confederacy and 22 million in the Union.
Anaconda plan-> Winfield Scott Part of a grand plan designed to control the seceding states.
"Stonewall"Jackson Confederate general whose man stopped union assault during the Battle of Bull Run.
Capture of New Orleans Union captured South's largest city.
Battles:1st Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg 1st Bull Run showed that both sides needed training and war, would be long and Bloody.
Emancipation Proclamation The nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
General Grant Lead the Union army to Victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil war.
John Wilkes Booth Assassinated Abraham Lincoln.
13th Amendment Abolished Slavery in the United States.
Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction The citizens of the South had to take an oath of Loyalty and once 10% of the state could rejoin the union
Radical Republicans(Plan for Reconstruction) 1. Southern states had to approve the 13th amendment. 2. Southern states had to nullify seceding from the union. 3. The South could not repay loans.
14th Amendment Granted Citizenship, due process, and equal protection under the law.
Military Reconstruction Act Divided the South into 5 military districts.
Tenure of Office Act Was intended to restrict the power of the president to remove certain office holders without approval from the senate.
15th Amendment Declared that the right to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color, or previous conditions of servitude.
Scalawags Was a name for Southern Whites who supported Reconstruction in the South often Republicans.
End of Reconstruction Republican government Collapsed.
Carpetbaggers People who came down from the North to help freedmen's Bureau.
Black Codes Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed Black Slaves.
Trent Affair U.S. (Northern) ship stopped the British ship Trent in Cuba and forcibility took 2 southerners.
Created by: Katwill678