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History 1942B

Final take two

TermDefinition
Hoovervilles Shantytowns that the unemployed built in the cities during the early years of the Depression; the name given to them shows that the people blamed Hoover directly for the Depression.
Lend Lease Act Allowed president to transfer and lend war supplies, allies had to comply with terms set by the president. Did not break neutrality laws because it only lent the goods and had to comply with terms.
Internment Camps Camps that the US put Japanese origin people in that lived in the US, because they feared they would plan another attack. They put these citizens in these camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
A period of general fear of communists, A. Mitchell Palmer convicted many during red scare, general chaos and fear of Russians.
These were anti-segregationists who took 2 busses on rides throughout the south. Both busses were attacked eventually; one being firebombed in Alabama and the other was also assaulted.
Inspired by Rosa Parks after she refused to give up her seat to a white passenger in Birmingham, Alabama. It was a protest where African Americans refused to take the bus until they were desegregated. This lasted for a year and spread to cities across the
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, college kids participate in Civil Rights, staged sit-ins.
SCLC Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr.
a religious group, popularly known as the Black Muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammad to promote black separatism and the Islamic religion.
Black Panthers A military group advocating armed confrontation. Bobby Seale and Huey Newton founded it. This organization was typically young African Americans, who were inspired by Carmichael's 'Black Power' speech, to protect people from police and also started many a
It was the campaign/program that was advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
The Great Society President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. CIA landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
USSR ships weapons and nuclear missiles during the summer of 1962. American spy planes take photos in October of 1962 revealing missile bases with armed nuclear warheads that could reach the US within minutes. Kennedy orders their removal or face all-out
After Stalin had claimed West Berlin, he blocked highways, railways, and waterway traffic from entering the city. In response to this, the United States and Britain dropped air packages over the city through a massive airlift. Food, fuel, clothing, toys,
1972; Nixon feared loss so he approved the Commission to Re-Elect the President to spy on the Democrats. A security guard foiled an attempt to bug the Democratic National Committee Headquarters, exposing the scandal; Nixon resigned after being impeached.
Reagan's economic program which cut taxes and government regulation in order to increase productivity, and eventually increase tax revenue as cash flowed into the economy.
Korematsu vs. The U.S. 1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 to each survivor.
1954; supreme court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause; "separate but equal" has no place; reverses decision of Plessy v Feurgeson.
The New Deal FDR's program to alleviate the problems of the Great Depression, focusing on relief for the needy, economic recovery, and financial reform.
Indian activist who followed passive resistance. Worked for civil rights in Africa and peace between Hindus and Muslims in India.
Organized Union Farm Workers (UFW); helped migratory farm workers gain better pay & working conditions.
The federal Road Way Act 1916 created the Federal-Aid Highway Program under which funds were available continuously to state highway agencies.
Conflict between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea- Communist) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea-Actually Democratic); North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, invaded the South; The United Nations, (but mostly US),
a town in central Alabama on the Alabama river. Best known for the 1965 Voting Rights Movement and its marches to Montgomery, three such civil rights marches began in the city.
Plan devised by the emergency congress designed to combine immediate relief and long-range recovery. It was designed to help the unemployed, labor, and industry.
December 7, 1941; Japanese forces attack US military base in Hawaii; US entered war after this surprise attack.
Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb was due to the fact that it justifiable because it saved American lives.
Author of Mein Kampf; failed art student; joined Nazi Party; totalitarian dictator of Germany.
State of hostility, without direct military conflict, that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II.
3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. in August 1969; exemplified counterculture of the late 1960s; nearly 500,000 gather in a 600 acre field.
40th President of the United States; Iran Contra Scandal; supply-side economics; "The Great Communicator".
sudden unexpected attacks carried out by an unofficial military group or groups that are trying to change the government by assaults on the armed forces.
He was a U.S. senator, who was known for accusing people of being communists without having any ‘real’ proof.
Haight/Ashbury
Created by: rachey_143_