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History 1942B

Final

TermDefinition
Hoovervilles Shantytowns that the unemployed built in the cities during the early years of the Depression; the name given to them shows that the people blamed Hoover directly for the Depression.
Allowed president to transfer and lend war supplies, allies had to comply with terms set by the president. Did not break neutrality laws because it only lent the goods and had to comply with terms.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Red Scare A period of general fear of communists, A. Mitchell Palmer convicted many during red scare, general chaos and fear of Russians.
These were anti-segregationists who took 2 busses on rides throughout the south. Both busses were attacked eventually; one being firebombed in Alabama and the other was also assaulted.
SNCC
SCLC Southern Christian Leadership Conference, churches link together to inform blacks about changes in the Civil Rights Movement, led by MLK Jr.
a religious group, popularly known as the Black Muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammad to promote black separatism and the Islamic religion.
Black Panthers A military group advocating armed confrontation. Bobby Seale and Huey Newton founded it. This organization was typically young African Americans, who were inspired by Carmichael's 'Black Power' speech, to protect people from police and also started many a
It was the campaign/program that was advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
The Great Society President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Program to build atomic bomb; work on the bomb was carried out in great secrecy by a team including US physicists Enrico Fermi and J. Robert Oppenheimer.
Bay of Pigs Invasion In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. CIA landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Vietnam Southeast Asian country located in the South China Sea, it became part of the French Indochina in 1877. Vietnam had declared its independence but was still under French rule until 1954. In 1954, it was divided into communist North and anti-communist South
Supreme Court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilities were equal in 1896.
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 to each survivor.
1954; supreme court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause; "separate but equal" has no place; reverses decision of Plessy v Feurgeson.
(March 1947) President Truman's program to encourage nations not to give into communist expansion. $400 million were given to help Turkey and Greece; it was a response to Kennan's containment doctrine; generally, it stating that the US would assist free p
The economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.
Dr. Martin Luther U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964).
The federal Road Way Act 1916 created the Federal-Aid Highway Program under which funds were available continuously to state highway agencies.
Conflict between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea- Communist) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea-Actually Democratic); North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, invaded the South; The United Nations, (but mostly US),
Refusal to accept antisocial behavior typically by strict and uncompromising application of the law.
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery 1955; triggered the national civil rights movement.
a town in central Alabama on the Alabama river. Best known for the 1965 Voting Rights Movement and its marches to Montgomery, three such civil rights marches began in the city.
an agency, established as part of the New Deal that put young unemployed men to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees, and helping in erosion-control and flood-control projects.
Plan devised by the emergency congress designed to combine immediate relief and long-range recovery. It was designed to help the unemployed, labor, and industry.
Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941; Japanese forces attack US military base in Hawaii; US entered war after this surprise attack.
Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb was due to the fact that it justifiable because it saved American lives.
Code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in WWII.
Author of Mein Kampf; failed art student; joined Nazi Party; totalitarian dictator of Germany.
State of hostility, without direct military conflict, that developed between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II.
Women played a very important role during WWII both at home and in uniform. When the men left, women worked in defense plants, and for war-related originations. Nearly 350,000 women served in uniform both at home and a broad. Most were force out of their
3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. in August 1969; exemplified counterculture of the late 1960s; nearly 500,000 gather in a 600 acre field.
sudden unexpected attacks carried out by an unofficial military group or groups that are trying to change the government by assaults on the armed forces.
2/21/1972 Nixon visits China thereby taking an enormous step towards normalizing relations with the communist People’s Republic of China. By mending fences with China the US would have an important ally against Russia.
Created by: rachey_143_