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Social Studies Final

QuestionAnswer
A government in which people rule through elected representatives is called a republic
A state’s population determines the number of ? in Congress? Seats (house of Representatives)
After the Battle of Bull Run, what did both sides realize? That the war was going to be long and bloody
Andrew Jackson became a National Hero at the Battle of New Orleans
Andrew Jackson’s nickname was? “Old Hickory”
Another name for warships during the War of 1812. Frigates
Armed private ships are called? Privateers
Before what election was Lincoln unknown? 1858 Congressional
What are Concurrent Powers Shared Powers
Describe Checks and Balances maintains a balance of power between the three branches
What are Enumerated powers Powers given Specifically to Congress
Enumerated powers were discussed in what great American document? Constitution
Explain Marbury V. Madison Established Judicial Review
Francis Scott Key wrote The Star Spangled Banner
Hamilton made a compromise with the Southern States over debts. What city was a result of this compromise? Washington DC
How did Alexander Hamilton view the Constitution? Loose
How did Thomas Jefferson view the Constitution? Strict
How many Justices make up the Supreme Court? 9
What are Implied Powers Powers that are claimed by Congress but not specifically stated
In 1802, who did the Louisiana Territory belong to? France
In his farewell address, Washington’s foreign policy was based on? Steering clear of permanent alliances
In the Election of 1800, how was the election decided? House of Representatives
In what case, did the court rule that Constitution protected slavery? Dred Scott
Jackson believed the National Bank unfairly favored? Wealthy people
James Madison, wrote the Virginia Plan and is considered to be the father of what document? Constitution
More than have is called? majority
Mudslinging was introduced during the Election of 1828
Name of events in Lawrence, Kansas prior to the Civil War Bloody Kansas
Name the men in the first cabinet. What is a cabinet? Jefferson, Hamilton, Knox, Randolph. President’s advisors
Nominating conventions replaced Caucuses
Popular sovereignty was proposed by Stephen A. Douglas as an alternative to? Missouri Compromise
Presidential candidates who receive backing from their home states rather than the national party are called? “home state candidates
Prior the Civil War, what was a major advantage of the South? Excellent Military leaders
Prior to the Civil War, where did a proslavery and antislavery government exist at the same time? Kansas
What are Reserved Powers States power
States’ rights was a concept used by _______________ before/during the Civil War. Southern States
Tecumseh had high hopes for? A Native American confederation
The AntiSlavery Whigs, Democrats and Free-Soilers formed what modern day party? Republican
The attack at Fort Sumter marked the beginning of what war? Civil
The balance of power in Congress was preserved with what Compromise? Missouri Compromise
The Bill of Rights were introduced to protect Individual Rights
The Capitol Building was burned by the British during what war? War of 1812
The cotton gin helped increase the production of? Cotton
The first 10 amendments are called? Bill of Rights
The first major battle of the Civil War was fought where? Bull Run
The Five Civilized Tribes are Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, Chickasaw
The House of Representatives and the Senate make up? Congress
The line that marked the division between slave and free states 36’ 30
The most important border state during the Civil War was Maryland
The National Road connected Ohio with? The East
The smallest number the representatives can have in the House of Representatives is? One (1)
The years after the War of 1812 were known as Era of Good Feelings
There are how many Articles in the Constitution? 7
This act allowed the Federal government to pay Native Americans to move west? Indian Removal Act
This Act included the Fugitive Slave Act? Compromise of 1850
To help the economy in every section of the country, Henry Clay created the? American System
True or False: John Brown was violent True
What is Power Veto Checks the power of Congress
What act put the issue of slavery to vote? ? Kansas-Nebraska Act
What are Border Ruffians? Pro-slavery activists who crossed the border to vote in Kansas
What called for banning slavery in any lands acquired from Mexico? Wilmot Proviso
What did the Democratic Republicans fear? Strong central govt controlled by a few
What doubled the size of the United States? Louisiana Purchase
What great Native American leader was killed at the Battle of Thames? Tecumseh
What increased the prices of European goods? tariff
What is a census? Official count of the population
What is sectionalism? Loyalty to a region
What is the name of the process in which someone not born in the USA can become a citizen? Naturalization process
What occurred at Appomattox Court House in 1865? Lee surrendered to Grant ending the Civil War
What precedent did Washington establish? 2term precedent, “So help me God” to the Oath of Office
What was the Adams-Onis Treaty? Gave US the area of Florida
What was the first state to secede from the Union? South Carolina
What was the Monroe Doctrine called for a stop to European colonization in America
Where did John Brown lead a raid that eventually led to his death? Harper’s Ferry
Where did President Lincoln give an address that discussed his vision for the country? Gettysburg
Which Amendment gave women the right to vote? 19th
Which branch can veto the legislative branch? Executive
Who created the cotton gin? Eli Whitney
Who designed the Clermont? Robert Fulton
Who died in a duel with Aaron Burr? Alexander Hamilton
Who makes up the President’s cabinet? The President’s Advisors
Who was involved in the Worcester V. Georgia case? Georgia and the Cherokee,
Who was nicknamed, ‘The Great Compromiser”? Henry Clay
Who was the first president of the Confederate States of America? Jefferson Davis
Created by: erickben