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WWII

TermDefinition
dictatorship form of government in which control is gained by force
totalitarian total control over all aspects of society
fascism government based on militarism and racism
Benito Mussolini Il Duce; dictator in Italy during WWII
Josef Stalin communist dictator in the Soviet Union during WWII; was known for brutality and punishing those who were against him
Hideki Tojo dictator in Japan during WWII
Adolf Hitler Nazi leader and dictator in Germany during WWII; led by totalitarian rule; responsible for the horrors of the Holocaust
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) President of the United States during WWII; kept the U.S. isolated for the start of the war
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
Harry S. Truman FDR's successor; responsible for the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan to end WWII
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers Britain, France, Soviet Union, and United States
League of Nations group of countries that would try to keep peace and avoid war; created during the Treaty of Versailles; did not attempt to stop dictator imperialism prior to WWII
Munich Conference meeting where Britain and France agreed that Hitler could take Sudetenland if he promised to not take any more land after that
appeasement to give in to demands in order to avoid conflict
annex to add (ex. Hitler annexed Austria in 1938.)
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Hitler's pact with Stalin that stated that Germany and the Soviet Union would never attack one another; it also secretly promised half of Poland to the Soviet Union if Hitler invaded
September 1, 1939 Hitler invaded Poland; WWII began in Europe
blitzkrieg "lightning warfare"; tactic used by Nazi Germany to quickly take over land; included fast, strong, and quick moving air raids, tanks, and heavy artillery
Battle of Britain German air raids over Britain after France was defeated
Lend-Lease Act the law that allowed the United States to "lend" ships and other supplies to allied countries at the start of the war
two-theater war the war was fought in two "theaters", the European theater and the Pacific theater
December 7th, 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor; the Japanese launched an air attack against the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; because of the attack, the U.S. declared war against the Axis Powers and entered WWII
Japanese Internment the U.S placed Japanese Americans in internment camps out of fear that they may be spies for the Japanese government
total war all resources of society are used to defeat an opponent
Selective Service Act the "draft"; age was lowered to 18 for WWII; used to recruit troops for military action when the U.S. entry to the war
D-Day Operation Overlord; the day that the allies stormed the beaches of Normandy; was a turning point in WWII; allies won and were able to liberate France
V-E Day Victory in Europe Day; May 8th, 1945
V-J Day Victory over Japan Day; August 5th, 1945
kamikazes Japanese suicide pilots
Dwight D. Eisenhower American general responsible for leading the DDay invasion
genocide wiping out of an entire group of people
The Holocaust genocide of Jewish by the Nazis during WWII
concentration camp work and/or death camp used as part of Hitler's plan to exterminate the Jewish race
Douglas MacArthur American general that led the fight against the Japanese in the Phillippines
island hopping attacking and capturing key islands
atomic bomb nuclear bomb
Hiroshima and Nagasaki two Japanese cities that the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs on to end WWII
Harry S. Truman became president after FDR died in office; made the decision to drop the atomic bombs to end WWII
Nuremberg Trials trials of German officers after WWII for crimes against humanity
United Nation replaced the League of Nations; group of countries that would work for peace and prevent war
Created by: Mrs.Rizzo