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Chapter 17

Renaissance A period of European history, lasting from about 1300 to 1600, during which renewed interest in classical culture led to far-reaching changes in art, learning, and views of the world.
Looking to Greece and Rome Renaissance scholars looked down on the art and literature of the Middle Ages. Instead, they wanted to return to the learning of the _________________. Greek and Roman knowledge
Humanism A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements.
Secular Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters.
"Utopia" means what in English? No place
The most famous writer of the Elizabethan Age was ___________. William Shakespeare
John Gutenberg improved the _______________. printing press system
One of the changes in art was Paintings and sculptures portrayed individuals and nature in more realistic and lifelike ways.
Indulgence A pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin.
Reformation A 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope’s authority.
One of Luther's teachings was All Church teachings should be clearly based on the words of the Bible. Both the pope and Church traditions were false authorities.
Lutheran A member of a Protestant church founded on the teachings of Martin Luther.
Protestant A member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation.
Predestination The doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternally saved.
Calvinism A body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin.
Theocracy A government controlled by religious leaders.
Francis I, Marguerite of Navarre, protected ________ from being executed for his beliefs while he lived in France. John Calvin
Catholic Reformation A 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation.
Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola are called_______. Jesuits
The ________________ itself became more unified as a result of the reforms started at the Council of Trent. Roman Catholic Church
As the Catholic Church’s moral and political authority declined, individual __________________ gained power. monarchs and states
Created by: RobbyD