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Chapter 23 Vocab.

TermDefinition
private goods goods that, when consumed by one individual, cannot be consumed by another
public goods economic goods that are consumed collectively, such as highways and national defense
externality the unintended side effect of an action that affects someone not involved in the action
monopoly when the market creates a sole provider for a good or service
antitrust law legislation to prevent new monopolies from forming and police those that already exist
merger a combination of two or more companies to form a single business
natural monopoly a market situation in which the costs of production are minimized by having single firm produce the product
recall a special election in which citizens can vote to remove public official from office
real GDP GDP after adjustments for inflation
business cycle alternating periods of growth and decline that the economy goes through
civilian labor force all civilians 16 years old or older who either working or are looking for work
unemployment rate the percentage of people in the civilian labor force who are not working but are looking for jobs
fiscal policy the federal government's use of spending and taxation polices to affect overall business activity
inflation sustained increase in the general level of prices
consumer price index measure of change in price over time of specific groups of goods and services
food stamps government coupons that can be used to purchase food
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) a program that provides help for nutrition and health care to low-income woman, infants, and children up to age 5
workfare programs that require welfare recipients to exchange some of their labor in return for benefits
progressive income tax a tax that takes a larger percentage of higher incomes than lower incomes
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) a program that gives tax credit and even cash payments to qualified workers
 

 



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