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AP Gov Chapter 13

Chapter 13 Vocabulary Terms

TermDefinition
Conventional Political Participation Political participation that attempts to influence the political process through well-accepted, often moderate forms of persuasion.
Unconventional Political Participation Attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing
Turnout The proportion of the voting-age public that votes
Ticket-splitting Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election
Retrospective Judgement A voter’s evaluation of the performance of the party in power
Prospective Judgement A voter’s evaluation of a candidate
Authoritarian System A system of government that bases its rule on force rather than consent of the governed.
Electorate The citizens eligible to vote
Mandate A command, indicated by an electorate’s votes, for the elected officials to carry out their platforms
Primary Election Election in which voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent the party in the general election.
Closed Primary A primary election in which only a party’s registered voters are eligible to vote
Open Primary A primary in which party members, independants, and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to vote
Crossover Voting Participation in the primary of a party with which the voter is not affiliated
Raiding An organized attempt by voters of one party to influence the primary results of the other party
Runoff Primary A second primary election between the two candidates will actually fill elective public offices
General Election Election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices
Ballot Measure An election option such as the initiative or referendum that enables voters to enact public policy
Initiative An election that allows citizens to propose legislation and submit it to the state electorate for public vote.
Referendum An election whereby the state legislature submits proposed legislation to the state’s voters for approval.
Recall An election in which voters can remove an incumbent from office by popular vote
Front Loading The tendency of states to choose an early date on the primary calendar.
Unit Rule A traditional party practice under which the majority of a state delegation can force the minority to vote for its candidate
Superdelegate Delegate slot to the Democratic Party’s national convention that is reserved for an elected party official.
Electoral College Representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect a president
Elector Member of the Electoral College chosen by methods determined in each state
Reapportionment The reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Representatives after each decennial census
Redistricting Redrawing congressional districts to reflect increases or decreases in seats allotted to the states as well as population shifts within a state
Gerrymandering The legislative process through which the majority party in each statehouse tries to assure that the maximum number of representatives from its political party can be elected to Congress through the redrawing of legislative districts
Midterm Election An election that takes place in the middle of a presidential election
Regional Primary A proposed system in which the country would be divided into five or six geographic areas and all states in each region would hold their presidential primary elections on the same day