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Civil Rights

Davis- Study Guide

TermDefinition
Rosa Parks United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national Civil Rights movement (born in 1913).
NAACP The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909.
MLK Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience.
Bull Connor Was the Commissioner of Public Safety for the city of Birmingham, Alabama, during the American Civil Rights Movement.
SNCC A U.S. civil-rights organization formed by students and active especially during the 1960s, whose aim was to achieve political and economic equality for blacks through local and regional action groups.
George Wallace George Corley Wallace, Jr. (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998) was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.
Poll Tax A tax people had to pay in order to vote despite race or economic status.
Racism The belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races.
Malcom X US political activist; born Malcolm Little. He joined the Nation of Islam in 1946 and was a vigorous campaigner for black rights, initially advocating the use of violence. In 1964, he converted to orthodox Islam and moderated his views on black separatism
Black Power a movement in support of rights and political power for black people, especially prominent in the US in the 1960s and 1970s.
Nation of Islam an exclusively black Islamic sect proposing a separate black nation, founded in Detroit c. 1930. It was led from 1934 by Elijah Muhammad (1897–1975) and came to prominence under the influence of Malcolm X.
Separate- but-equal racially segregated but ostensibly ensuring equal opportunities to all races.
Core The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Founded in 1942, CORE was one of the "Big Four."
SCLC The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC, which is closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Jim Crow Laws Laws used to keep racism alive.
Birmingham Most racist place at the time of Civil Rights.
James Farmer a civil rights activist and leader in the American Civil Rights Movement. He was the initiator and organizer of the 1961 Freedom Ride, which eventually led to the desegregation of inter-state transportation in the United States.
EEOC created by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, is to "promote equal opportunity in employment through administrative and judicial enforcement of the federal civil rights laws and through education and technical assistance
Kerner Commission , Governor Otto Kerner, Jr. of Illinois, was an 11-member commission established by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States and to provide recommendations for the future.
Black Panthers The Black Panther Party or BPP (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a revolutionary black nationalist and socialist organization
Difference between MLK and Malcom X? Malcom X: Violent approaches and separation from whites. MLK: Non violent approaches
What event led to the Montgomery bus boycott? Rosa Parks being kicked out of her seat.
What was the role of the SNCC The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), formed to give younger blacks more of a voice in the civil rights movement, became one of the movement’s more radical branches
How did the government react to race riots in large cities? The government reacted to race riots in the cities of Los Angeles and Detroit by sending the National Guard to active duty to assist in controlling the rioting.
Why was the sit in movement considered a major turning point? Civil Rights Movement: Project C, better known as The Birmingham Campaign. It would be the beginning of a series of lunch counter sit-ins, marches on City Hall and boycotts.
how did the 24 amendment affect blacks voting? The United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
How did the TV help the civil rights? It showed how the blacks were treating the whites and gave them sympathy more people started being against racism.
What legislation resulted in the march on Washington? Was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans.
Created by: kaay_miller