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USH2 final VOCAB

Vocab for history final

QuestionAnswer
The closing of U.S. Banks from March 6-10 1938 in order to open on more sound footing "Bank Holiday"
The price for farm products that gave them the same buying power that they had between 1909 and 1914 Parity
A radio message delivered by FDR in which he gave Americans reassurance during the war Fireside chat
The period between March and June of 1913 during which of much of FDR's new deal legislation was passed by congress "Hundred Days"
Measures designed to provide immediate remedies for economic evils caused by the depression Relief
Measures designed to stabilize the economy during the first two years of the Depression Recovery
Measures designed for long term changes to prevent future crisis Reform
A small group of Reform minded intellectuals who advised FDR and wrote most of the New Deal "Brain Trust"
Spending of public funds beyond the amount of earnings Deficit spending
A budget in which spending is equal or less than income Balanced budget
Permission to use an unlimited amount of money authority Blank Check
Engaging in trivial or useless work "Boondoggling"
Highly centralized political system in which the ruler has complete control and allows no opposition Totalitarianism
attempting to preserve peace by yielding to the demands of an aggressor Appeasement
German for "lighting war" a rapid coordinated attack by land and air forces Blitzkrieg
America's Pacific strategy, involving the capture of bases leading to the possible invasion of Japan "Island hopping"
A totalitarian political system based on an extreme form of nationalism Fascism
The countries located in a north/south line from Berlin to Rome "Axis" powers
Measures designed to preserve resources essential to the war effort by limiting their consumption Rationing
Surrender in which the Victor accepts no terms from the loser Unconditional surrender
Prohibition of all imports and exports Embargo
Japanese term for "divine wind", refers to Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed their planes Kamikaze
To take an area under control by force or legislative act Annexation
glorification of military strenglth Militarism
Post-WWII era of tension between the world's super powers: United States and U.S.S.R "Cold War"
Conflict in which military objectives are determined primarily by political considerations "Limited war"
Policy of preventing the extension of communism to countries were it did not already exist Containment
Image used to refer to the fact that Eastern Europe was dominated by the USSR after WWII Iron Curtain
Doctrine stating any first use of nuclear weapons would be met with an overwhelming military response, "M.utually A.ssured D.estruction" "Massive Retaliation"
Civil rights policy involving the integration of blacks and whites into society Desegregation
Practice of making sweeping unfounded charges against innocent people "McCarthyism"
Movement of whites from the cities to the suburbs in the post war economic boom "White flight"
Belief that the fall of one country to communism would lead to the fall of its neighbors "domino theory"
Post WWII increase in the birth rate in the U.S. "Baby boom"
Created by: 1716229962