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The Civil Rights

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, KS, 1954 Supreme Court ruling that said that "separate can never be equal" and ordered the integration of all public schools.
Civil Rights Act of 1957 A voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation passed by Congress in the United States since the civil war.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 A federal law that made it illegal to have segregation in public accommodations, public facilities, and employment.
Civil Rights Act of 1968 Provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin and made it a federal crime to "by force or by threat of force, injure, intimidate, or interfere with anyone...
Elijah Muhammad Leader of the nation of Islam from 1945 to his death in 1975. He helped many people and was a strong advocate of civil rights, but was involved in some shady activities and lost the favor of Malcolm X, who went on to form his own civil rights group.
Freedom Riders, 1961 Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation; leaders Jim Farmer and Jim Peck
Greensboro sit-ins, 1960 Civil Rights tactic of blacks sitting in segregated restaurants until being served or removed.
Jim Crow Laws southern states laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites (grandfather clause, poll tax, literacy tests, separate but equal, etc)
John F. Kennedy assassinated, November 22, 1963 In Dallas Texas, Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald. Many people questioned this event and wondered whether of not the shooting was part of a government plan.
Malcolm X 1952; renamed himself X to signify the loss of his African heritage; converted to Nation of Islam in jail in the 50s, became Black Muslims' most dynamic street orator and recruiter ; his beliefs were the basis of a lot of the Black Power movement built...
March from Selma to Montgomery, 1965 A march that was attempted three times to protest voting rights, with many peaceful demonstrators injured and killed. Lead my MLK.
March on Washington, 1963 August-200,000 demonstrators went to the Lincoln Memorial to hear Dr. King's speech and to celebrate Kennedy's support for the civil rights movement.
Martin Luther King, Jr., assassinated, 1968 The Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee on Thursday April 4,1968. James Earl Ray shot him.
Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955 After Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city buses. It lasted 11 months until the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Nonviolent leader of the civil rights movement and founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
Robert F. Kennedy assassinated, 1968 Southern California hotel after giving a speech following a victory in CA's presidential primary.
Rosa Parks Refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. After she was jailed, the Montgomery bus boycott was organized.
separate but equal Principle upheld in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public facilities was legal.
sit-in protests by black college students, 1960-1961, who took seats at "white only" lunch counters and refused to leave until served; in 1960 over 50,000 participated in sit-ins across the South. Their success prompted the formation of the Students......
Stonewall Riots, 1969 Riots in the New York City neighborhood of Greenwich Village by members of the gay community against a police raid of a gay bar.
Thurgood Marshall American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Courts of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor. Argued the case of Brown v Board of Education.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American voting.
Created by: jimmypham1001