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5th Gr Chap 9L1+2

5th Grade Chapter 9 Lessons 1 and 2

Key Item Definition
gap a low place between mountains
pioneer an early settler of an area
Daniel Boone An early pioneer who was part of the team to expand the Cumberland Gap for more settlers to move into Kentucky.
John Sevier He was elected as governor as the State of Franklin. When North Carolina took that land back, Sevier became the governor of Tennessee.
Thomas Jefferson He was the third president of the United States. He purchase the Louisiana Territory from the French.
Napoleon Bonaparte He was the ruler of France. He sold the Louisiana territory to Thomas Jefferson when France needed money to fight against the British.
Meriwether Lewish He was selected by Thomas Jefferson to lead the expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory.
William Clark Meriwether Lewis asked Clark to join him on the expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory. He was in charge of record keeping and drawing maps.
York He was Clark's slave who joined the expedition west. He was great at hunting and fishing.
Sacagawea She was a Shoshone guide who was hired to lead the expedition across the Rocky Mountains.
Cumberland Gap It is the mountain pass located were Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia meet.
St. Louis, MO The Corps of Discovery left from here on their journey to explore the Louisiana Territory.
Pike Peak The top of a mountain in Colorado discovered by Zebulon Pike. Pike was inspired by the Lewis and Clark group to explore the southwestern part of the Louisiana Territory.
impressment The action of the British navy kidnapping American sailors and forcing them to join the British Navy.
national anthem the official song of a country
nationalism pride in one's country
assimiliate adopt the ways of another culture
Tecumseh A Native American leader who convinced other tribes to join him in fighting against the Americans to preserve their land.
James Madison The president of the United States during the War of 1812.
Dolly Madison James Madison's wife. She saved many important documents and a portrait of George Washington when the British set fire to Washington, DC.
Francis Scott Key Wrote the Star Spangled Banner when he was captured during the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812.
Andrew Jackson Led troops to a victory in New Orleans during the War of 1812. He was also the president who forced the Cherokee to move to Indian Territory with the Indian Removal Act.
James Monroe He was the 5th president of the Untied States. He issued the Monroe doctrine which stated that the United States would not allow any new European countries to create colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
Sequoyah He was the Cherokee Indian wrote created a written language for the Cherokee tribe.
John Ross He as the Cherokee chief who went to court to protect Cherokee land. The case went all the way to the Supreme Court. The court found that the Cherokee had a right to stay on their land. However, Andrew Jackson refused to enforce the court's ruling.
John Marshall He was the Supreme Court Chief Justice who decided that Georgia and the government could not take Cherokee land.
Lake Erie General Oliver Hazard Perry won a battle during the War of 1812 on Lake Erie. It helped the United States keep control of their western lands.
Baltimore The British attacked Baltimore because it was a major port in the United States. Also it is where Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star Spangled Banner."
New Orleans It was a battle that was fought by Andrew Jackson and his troops against the British. The Americans won, unfortunately due to how slow news spread, the battle was fought after the War of 1812 already ended.
Indian Territory It is the area that the American government set aside for the Native Americans to live in after they were forced from the east. The land was in present-day Oklahoma.
Trail of Tears It is the forced journey of the Cherokee by the US government to the Indian Territory. Along the way one in four Cherokee died due to lack of food and harsh weather conditions.
Created by: Mrs. Hastings