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American Government

Terms

TermDefinition
Thurgood Marshal First African American to serve as justice on US Supreme Court
Sandra Day O'Connor first woman to serve as a Justice of the Supreme Court
Federal Courts a court establish by the authority of a federal government
Grand Jury a jury, normally of twenty-three jurors, selected to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.
Petite Jury a jury of 12 to determine the facts and decide the issue in civil or criminal proceedings
Jurisdictions of the Court the right, power, or authority to administer justice by hearing and determining controversies.
Law clerks an assistant to a judge, typically a recent law-school graduate, whose function is to do legal research, help write opinions, and provide general assistance.
Coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition.
Platform the declared policy of a political party or group.
One-Party system A single-party state, one-party state, one-party system or single-party system is a type of state in which a single political party has the right to form the government
Conventions an agreement between countries covering particular matters, esp. one less formal than a treaty.
Single-Member Districts is an electoral district that returns one officeholder to a body with multiple members such as a legislature
Patronage the power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges.
Plurality the number of votes cast for a candidate who receives more than any other but does not receive an absolute majority.
Petition a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause.
Third Party a person or group besides the two primarily involved in a situation, esp. a dispute
Precinct captain is an elected official in the American political party system.
Elastic Clause A statement in Article I, of the Constitution that grants Congress the power to pass any and all laws necessaryand proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
Appeal to Congress apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
Bankruptcy the state of being completely lacking in a particular quality or value.
Article I of the Constitution Article I gives Congress its powers and limits and creates two sections of Congress.
Article II of the Constitution Article II makes the executive branch of the government.
Article III of the Constitution Article III creates a judicial branch in the United States.
Bill of rights apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
First Amendment apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
Impeachment apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
Ratification apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
Created by: edcarpio