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1A1 Year History
The Work of Historians and Archaeologists, Early Ireland, Ancient Rome...et al
|Give two ways in which an archaeologist decides where to excavate.
|Research Archaeology, Rescue Archaeology OR by accident
|What new skill did Neolithic people bring to Ireland?
|P_____________ is when information or rumours are spread to influence people’s views.
|What do the letters AD stand for?
|What do the letters BC stand for?
|Explain the words ‘megalithic monument’.
|mega = large, lith = stone Large Stone Monuments
|W_____________ and D___________ was a method of making walls in Neolithic huts by placing mud over a woven wall.
|Wattle and Daub
|What does the word ‘Mesolithic’ mean?
|Middle Stone Age
|What is a primary source?
|A source that comes directly from the past
|How did the people in the Mesolithic period get their food? What do we call them as a result?
|They hunted animals and gathered nuts, berries, etc. We call them hunter-gatherers
|What does the word ‘Neolithic’ mean?
|New Stone Age
|Bronze Age people buried their dead in C_________________ graves and W_____________________ tombs.
|Cist and Wedge
|Why were druids so important in Celtic society?
|They organised religious ceremonies and offered sacrifices to the gods.
|What was the tuath and who ruled over it?
|It was the land the Celts lived on and it was ruled over by the Rí.
|What is a fulacht fiadh?
|A Bronze Age cooking device which a pit, hot stones and water are used to cook meat.
|S_____________________, Imbolc, B________________________ and L________________________ were the most important religious festivals held by the Celts.
|Samhain, Bealtaine and Lughnasa
|Who were the Aos Dána?
|They were the learned and skilled people of the Celtic time.
|What was the role of women in Celtic society?
|Noble women held important position Most had little influence and spent time cooking, spinning, weaving, etc
|Name the settlers who came to Ireland around 500 B.C. What new metal did they bring?
|List two out of four different kinds of places where the Celts lived.
|Raths/Cashels, Crannógs, Hillforts and Promontory Forts
|Newgrange is Neolithic megalithic monument, but what type of megalithic monument is it?
|What sort of government is a republic?
|A government that could be elected by its citizens
|What was the tithe?
|Is one-tenth of the peasants crops paid to the priest
|Who could become a member of a Roman legion?
|Name two barbarian tribes that invaded the Roman Empire.
|Angles, Saxons, Franks, Vandals and Goths
|What were insulae?
|The Ancient Rome version of blocks of flats
|What was the official dress of a Roman citizen?
|C____________________ was started about AD 30 by a man called J______________.
|Christianity and Jesus
|What did the bailiff do in the village?
|He looked after the rent, taxes, law and order of the Medieval village
|What were freemen and serfs?
|Serf = belonged to the lord and farmed his land Freeman = paid rent and taxes to the lord but could travel as he pleased
|Who were the patricians?
|Who were the plebeians?
|Name two Roman gods and say what each of them looked after.
|Jupiter = father of the gods Venus = goddess of love Mars = god of war Lares = household gods
|Why did Romans put coins in the eyes of their dead?
|To pay for their fare to the next world
|Romans loved to watch fights between gladiators. The fights were held in the C___________________, which was near the F_________________.
|What was dole?
|Handouts of bread provided by the government
|Name two types of people who could be vassals to the king.
|Earl, Count, Bishop and Abbots
|List two ways in which the Romans still influence us today.
|Alphabet, Language, Calendar, Latin names, Laws and Engineering
|List two ways an enemy might try to capture a castle.
|Battering Ram, Catapults, Ballista, Siege Towers/Ladders, Tunnels
|People believed that a dead person’s spirit was rowed across a mystical river call the S____________ to the next world.
|There were three features of a Romanesque church, name two.
|Round arches, Dark interiors, Thick and round columns
|What was the curfew?
|The time when all fires had to be out
|Which style of church developed in Europe around 1000 A.D.?
|How was the lord of the castle educated?
|By the priest
|What disease appeared in 1347?
|The Black Death (Bubonic plague)
|A C____________________ was a legal document in which the king agreed to let a town run its own affairs.
|Name two of the three stages a boy would go through to become a knight.
|Page, Squire and Knight
|The monks’ day begins at three o’clock; they get out of bed to sing M___________ (morning prayers) in the church.
|Patrons Cosimo and Lorenzo share the same surname, what was it?
|What is a fresco?
|A picture painted directly onto wall/wet plaster
|During the Renaissance books started to be written in the vernacular, what does vernacular mean?
|The local language
|Andreas Vesalius is associated with the: skeleton OR blood circulation?
|List two reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy.
|Roman empire, Greek scholars, Wealthy merchants, New ideas & Independent states
|S___________________ is where you add shading to picture.
|Copernicus believed that the Earth rotated around the Sun, who proved that his theory was right?
|What is movable type?
|Small metal letters used over and over to make new words.
|What new development allowed to add depth to a picture?