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TOG Y2 Wk 18

TOG Y2 Wk 18 Vocabulary and People

Ancestor a person from whom one is descended; a grandparent or forefather
Canal a waterway dug through land in order for small ships or boats to pass
Dike a dam built to defend against flooding
Dutch the people or language of the Netherlands
Etching a picture or design engraved on metal, glass, or wood, by means of heat
Klompen a Dutch word meaning shoe or clog
Portrait a painting, drawing, or photograph of a person, especially the face
Province a large piece or division of a country
Windmill a machine that is powered by the wind upon a wheel of sails; usually mounted on a tall tower
Abdicate to give up a position, power, or authority; to resign, usually because one is forced out.
Besiege to surround in order to capture; the attempt to take a place by force, which usually takes a long time
Burgher a citizen of a burgh or town; a member of the upper class
Huguenot a French Protestant; a person in the 1500’s or 1600’s with Calvinistic or Reformed beliefs
Inquisition the special Roman Catholic court (the most famous version being the Spanish Inquisition) established to inquire into and try heretics. 2 a thorough or official investigation
Massacre the needless murder of many people or animals, often marked by unnecessary cruelty
Tyranny the unjust use of power, often by an absolute ruler
Caravaggio (1573-1610) Italian painter of the Baroque period known for painting religious scenes in a shockingly realistic way, using models from everyday life.
Charles V (1500-1558) Holy Roman Emperor of the House of Habsburg. Ruler of the German states, the Low Countries, Burgundy, and Austria, he also inherited the throne of Spain, uniting almost all of Europe and an American empire under one throne.
Henry IV (1553-1610) French king who issued the Edict of Nantes establishing religious toleration in France. Initially a Huguenot , he converted to Catholicism when he became king, for political reasons
Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) Spanish Catholic religious leader who founded the Jesuit order (Society of Jesus). Developed a manual for piety . The Jesuits, became the “special forces” of the Counter Reformation;
Catherine de Medici (1519-1589) French queen of the Italian Medici family, who exercised great influence during the reign of her three sons, Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III; involved in instigating the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre against the Huguenot
Rembrandt (1606-1669) Dutch painter of the Northern Renaissance known for the sympathetic, honest realism of his figures, bringing out the humanity of the subject, and for his skillful storytelling ability.
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) Flemish artist of the Northern Renaissance, a painter in the Baroque style, who painted vibrant, intense works on commissions from many dignitaries of Europe.
Heinrich Schutz (1585-1672) German composer during the Baroque period who wrote church music
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) Italian composer of the Baroque period known for The Four Seasons, his concertos (a form which he helped to create), and for religious choral compositions
William I (of Orange, the Silent) (1533-1584) Dutch nobleman who united the northern provinces in the Netherlands and led them against Philip II of Spain, who was persecuting Protestants and seeking to bring them in line with Catholicism
Francis Xavier (1506-1552) Spanish Jesuit missionary to Asia, who preached extensively in India, Japan, and other parts of the Far East, laying the earliest foundations for Christianity there
Created by: bethh60