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Reconstruction

TermDefinition
Reconstruction the period following the Civil War in which the American government aimed to bring the North and South together and rebuild the nation
Freedman's Bureau agency established by Congress to help poor people and freed slaves after the Civil War; it provided food, shelter, clothing, work and education
black codes laws passed in southern states during Reconstruction that greatly limited the freedom and rights of African Americans
Thirteenth Amendment constitutional amendment that outlawed slavery
Fourteenth Amendment constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the U.S., except American Indians
Fifteenth Amendment constitutional amendment that gave African American men the right to vote
Radical Republicans members of Congress who felt that southern states needed to make great changes to southern society before they could be admitted to the Union
Ku Klux Klan secret society created by white southerners that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights
sharecropping system used on southern farms in which poor farmers worked the land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops
scalawags name that southern Democrats gave to southern Republicans; it means "liars" and "cheats"
carpetbaggers Republicans from the North who moved to the South during Reconstruction, usually for political or financial gain
crop lien a loan to grow crops
Hamburg Massacre six black militia members were killed by a white mob in Aiken, SC
Red Shirts Democrats who supported Wade Hampton for governor of S.C. and used violence and intimidation to influence the 1876 election
Created by: perribryant