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US History

final review

TermDefinition
mayflower compact agree to be governed by a government they create
Thomas Paine wrote a book on why colonists should leave great Britain
Article of Confederation first try at the US government, too much power to the states
great compromise bicameral, 2 legislative branches, House of Representatives and the senate
declaration of Independence left Great Britain
Judicial review/Marbury v Madison the law is unconstitutional
Bill of Rights constitutionally guarantees individual rights/anti federalist would agree to the constitution.
Separation of powers each branch has different powers to ensure none get too powerful
Monroe Doctrine Keep Europe out of Latin America
Seneca falls Susan B. Anthony and Cady Stanton, these women went there to fight for the right to vote. Women were given the right to vote.
Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the USA, manifest Destiny
Trail of tears Andrew Jackson sent Native Americans to the west, Mean and killed many, fought native Americans, old hickory
Kansas Nebraska Act slavery in the new states, free or slave, territories vote on slaves
Homestead act free land in the mid west
Dawes act Americanizing the Native Americans
robber barons JD Rockefeller (oil) Andrew Carnegie (steel) monopolies
monopolies One owner that eliminates competitions
Social Darwinism strong survive, laissez faire
Sherman Anti Trust act Teddy Roosevelt breaks up the monopolies
industrial revolution growth of urban middle class, immigration rises
urbanization moving from a country to city for a job
Chinese exclusion act gentlemen's agreement , limited number of Chinese immigrants. nativism
nativism Americas way is best, leave jobs to Americans, not immigration
new immigrants China and japan, Italy and eastern Europe. people coming for jobs
Plessey v Ferguson separate but equal
Jim crow laws made separate facilities legal
progressive era size of government grew, government controlled more aspects of business and society
federal reserve act control money supply
Jacob Riis Muckrakers, brought attention to how the poor people lived. He did it so others would know how things were.
Prohibition and its repeal 18th amendment, started prohibition (the banning of alcohol) the 21st amendment ended prohibition
Pure food and drug act what is in the food. Food had to have labels on them to let the consumers know exactly what they were eating.
NAACP advance the rights of African Americans.
Upton Sinclair wrote the book The Jungle, it was a book about the meat factories and how filthy things were.
Booker T Washington keep African American culture, use education to further self
open door policy allowed USA to trade with China
Yellow Journalism used by the media to sell not just papers but to sell a movement by the government.
Schenck v US free speech is limited during war time.
nativism and causes in the 1920's Sacco and Vanzetti, put to death in the 1920's because they were different. lack of civil rights, nativism
Harlem Renaissance African Americans wrote books and music about the culture of the African Americans of the 20's
Stock Market crash and the great depression causes: too much stuff made unemployment increased, too many poor people, too many owing money and losing jobs so they cannot pay for stuff
Public Works Program New Deal programs to create jobs
Rationing/Coupons using materials for war, not consumers. Rationing is when you can only get a certain amount of something
GI Bill used to attract soldiers and to thank them. the gi bill pays for the servicemen to go to college or help them in buying a home
McCarthyism Fear of communism during the cold war
Gideon v Wainwright Government must provide an attorney to someone who cannot afford one. This attorney is free to the person and is paid for by the government
Brown v Board Separate but equal is not legal. This case overturned Plessey v Ferguson. It allowed blacks to attend all white schools
Containment in southeast Asia USA stopped the spread of communism, example is Korea and Vietnam
Roe v Wade right to privacy, which led to women's right to choose abortion.
fall of berlin wall started the end of communism. USA won the cold war
Graying of America the amount of baby boomers is greater than the workforce, so younger people need to work more to support them.
Terrorism Attack on 9/11 led to the Patriot Act, which US citizens gave up rights for security. It was an attack on the world trade center in NY City
NAFTA Canada, USA, Mexico all trade without tariffs
LBJ's Great Society governments attempt to end poverty. programs were put into place for people with needs and is paid by the government
1st amendment free speech, free religion
systems of checks and balances three branches of government to ensure that no one branch becomes too powerful over the others
Manifest Destiny from Atlantic ocean to the Pacific
Miranda v Arizona a person who is arrested has the right to remain silent...
Immigration why they came, religion, jobs, western Europe/Irish
FDR New Deal ended the depression, gave money to build roads, bridges and to provide jobs, grew the size of government
New Deal Policies social securities, work projects
National recovery Act Minimum wage
Life in the city pollution, crowded, multiple cultures melted together (melting pot)
transportation steam, roads, railroads, canals
federalist strong national government
John Adams Lawyer, President, Boston Massacre
Andrew Jackson treatment of native Americans was poor, banks, wanted to weaken the banks, gave friends jobs, import tax, so south hated him
Missouri Compromise will new states be free or slave
XYZ Affair illegal to say anything bad about the government
Article of Confederation first try at US government, too much power to the states
Created by: kherniman