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End of Course Review

review of terms and concepts of American History through 1877

QuestionAnswer
Benjamin Franklin’s signature appears on all of the following documents Declaration of Independence, US Constitution, and the Treaty of Paris
One, if by land, and two, if by sea; And I on the opposite shore will be, Ready to ride and spread the alarm Through every Middlesex village and farm... Whose point of view is expressed in this poem? American Patriot
Which level of government regulates imports from other countries? federal
During the 1600s, why did French settlers cooperate with local Native Americans? to trade for fur
The delegates to the Constitutional Convention considered two plans. How did the delegates come to an agreement on this issue? by accepting ideas from both plans
Based on the Declaration of Independence, what should be the main goal of government? protecting rights
'the powers of the three branches of the U.S. government are examples of which constitutional principle? checks and balances
In the 1700s, under an economic system called mercantilism, Great Britain expected its American colonies to provide ______________. raw materials and markets for British goods
The “Triangle Trade” and “Columbian Exchange” are terms used to describe the movement of goods between Western Europe, West Africa, and _______________. the Americas
Ideas of John Locke • Rulers receive the right to govern from the people. • Unjust rulers can be forced from power. Based on the quotation above, which form of government would John Locke MOST oppose? Dictatorship
• natural rights • separation of powers • political equity The teaching of Enlightenment thinking listed above provided the basis for the ____________. establishment of democratic government
What were both the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights designed to do? limit the power of the monarch
The Great Awakening of the mid-1700s affected the British colonies by _____________. encouraging greater religious enthusiasm and political independence.
One goal of the Declaration of Independence was to _________________. explain why the colonists felt the need to be free from British rule.
The Mayflower Compact (1620) was significant in the political development of the American colonies because it introduced the principle of ________________. self-government
The Tenth Amendment was added to the Constitution to resolve which of the following topics of debate surrounding the development of the Constitution? balance between state and national powers
What parts of the United States Constitution contains fundamental liberties of American citizens? the Bill of Rights
Which of the following acquisitions secured control of North America’s longest river, added substantially to the Native American, Spanish, and French populations of the country, and essentially doubled the size of the United States? Louisiana Purchase
Conflict with Mexico became highly likely following the granting of statehood to __________________. Texas
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823)? to prevent European expansion in the Americas
During the 1800s, the movement of large numbers of immigrants from many different countries into large American cities resulted in the rapid growth of ________________. ethnic neighborhoods
What agricultural invention, designed to increase production, had the effect of increasing the number of slaves needed for labor in the Deep South? the cotton gin
The slave-based agricultural system in the South encouraged the development of ______________. a rigid social class system.
Prior to the Civil War, which group has the MOST political power in the South? plantation owners
Go west, young man, and grow up with the country. --Horace Greeley Hints Toward Reform Greeley’s quotation is associated with which of these? Manifest Destiny
By the mid-1800s, California was being settled mostly by people in search of ________. wealth from the discovery of gold.
The Indian Removal Act (1830) relocated thousands of Cherokees from Georgia to Indian Territory for the purpose of ______________. making the land available for white miners and farmers.
While the American colonies were fighting a revolution against England and forming a new nation, New Spain was establishing new settlements in California using what type of system? mission
Who was the most important leader of the Underground Railroad? Harriet Tubman
What led the newspapers to speak of “Bleeding Kansas” in 1856? fighting between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces
States’ rights played a major role in all of the following Kentucky and Virginia Resolves. Missouri Compromise. Nullification Crisis.
What was the first major goal of President Abraham Lincoln’s administration? to maintain the unity of the country
This ending to Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Speech indicates that his vision for the future after the Civil War was for ________________. peacemaking and rebuilding the Union.
What is one reason that the Union strategy for defeating the South included a naval blockade of Southern ports? to prevent Southern efforts to sell cotton in Europe in exchange for war supplies
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution of the United States were intended to solve problems relating to ________________. civil rights
Why did the British plan a surprise march on Concord in April of 1775? to seize Colonial supplies
How did Congress uphold individual property rights of southerners during Reconstruction? allowed the Freedmen’s Bureau to allocate farmland to former slaves.
One effect of the building of the transcontinental railroad was to __________________. attract more migrants to the West.
A veto is an example of checks and balances
How did the government’s policy of manifest destiny affect Native Americans living on the plains in the late 1800s? Native Americans were forced onto reservations while settlers took their land.
The Jim Crow laws of the post-Civil War era were attempts by __________________. state and local governments to restrict the freedoms of African Americans.
Created by: rhenson