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Civil War Test

key concepts of the Civil War

QuestionAnswer
Who were the presidential candidates of the election of 1860? Lincoln, Douglas, Bell, and Breckinridge
Southerners justified secession with the theory of _________. states' rights
In 1860 Kentucky and West Virginia were both ______________. Union slave states.
Which presidential candidate did not appear on the ballot of most Southern states during the election of 1860? Abraham Lincoln
With other workers of the same skills, workers formed trade unions
What was "king" and the main topic of conversation in the South? cotton
Most enslaved people on plantations worked as field hands
Most factory workers lived in slums
What group of Southerners measured their wealth partly by the number of enslaved people they controlled? plantation owners
The main topic of the Lincoln–Douglas debates was slavery
What book by Harriet Beecher Stowe showed slavery as a brutal, cruel system? Uncle Tom's Cabin
What Supreme Court decision divided the nation even more? Dred Scott decision
What battle was named after a small church? Shiloh
The bloodiest day of the entire Civil War was the Battle of Antietam
William Tecumseh Sherman's "march to the sea" headed toward Savannah, Georgia
What guarantees accused individuals the right to a hearing before being jailed? habeas corpus
What battle began when the Union cavalry surprised the Rebel infantry raiding the town for shoes? Gettysburg
The main goal of the North at the beginning of the war was to reunite the country
Confederate ships that broke through the North's line of defense were called blockade runners
What April battle lasted only two days, but included some of the most bloody fighting of the war? Shiloh
Clara Barton worked with wounded soldiers and later founded the American Red Cross
Appomattox Court House is famous because it is the site of General Robert E. Lee's surrender
The doctrine of states’ rights helped to bring on the Civil War by asserting that states have a right to ____. secede
General Ulysses S. Grant began his command of Civil War Union forces in what part of the country? along the rivers of the midwest
What state was so divided over secession that it split into two states in the early 1860s? Virginia
Disagreement over new states being free states or slave states was a cause of the Civil War
Who was the president of the United States during the Civil War? Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln signed a document that freed all slaves in the south. This document is called the Emancipation Proclamation
Who was president of the Confederacy during the Civil War? Jefferson Davis
At the beginning of the Civil War, whose main goal was to bring the Southern states back into the Union? the North
At the beginning of the Civil War, whose main goal was to be recognized as an independent nation? the South
Who served in regiments separate from white regiments in the Union Army? African American soldiers
What 1865 constitutional amendment abolished slavery in the United States? thirteenth amendment
Lincoln was unable to carry out his Reconstruction plan because he was assassinated
Which Civil War general became president in 1869? Ulysses S. Grant
The Southern economy after the Civil War was mainly based on agriculture
With whom did senator Stephen A. Douglas debate the issue of slavery in the Senate race of 1858? Abraham Lincoln of Illinois
The first state to secede from the Union in 1860 was South Carolina
Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired? Fort Sumter
The first major battle of the Civil War was called the Battle of Bull Run
The capital city of the Confederacy was Richmond, Virginia
In what role did thousands of women serve during the Civil War? nurse
What 1870 constitutional amendment prohibited governments from denying the right to vote to any male citizen? fifteenth amendment
The phrase "separate but equal" refers to the rights of African Americans and whites
Created by: rhenson