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WGU IOC4 Module 3c

Early Colonies

QuestionAnswer
Based on the explorations along the St. Lawrence Waterway, Great Lakes, and Mississippi. Consisted primarily of forts and fur trading. Slow growth due to harsh climate, disease and strict emmigration rules of the Mother nation. Early French Colonies
Founded by Samuel de Champlain, became the center of fur trading with the indian nations. Also formed a role in the military alliance of Algonquian Nation with the French. Quebec
In 1682 Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, and Henri de Tonty claimed this area for France. Mississippi Valley
Also known as New Netherland, Settled in parts of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Connecticut and Pennsylvania. Early Dutch Colonies
Settled for many disparate reasons including religious freedom and commerce, trade, and as penal colonies. Eventually grew into 13 distinct territories. Early English Colonies
The first ill-fated English colonization attempt. Virginia Dare first English child to be born in the American continent dissappeared with all others. (located in North Carolina) Roanoke
The first successful English Colony. Established in 1607. Located in Cheasapeak Bay. Survived by turning to tobacco as a cash crop. High death rates and a very young population profile characterized the colony. Jamestown
An English joint stock company established by royal charter by James I, responsible for establishing the Jamestown Settlement. Used indentured settlers and started the headright system. Virginia Company
An English soldier, sailor, and author. He is remembered for his role in establishing the first permanent English settlement in North America at Jamestown, Virginia, and his brief association with the Native American girl Pocahontas. John Smith
Jamestown Leader married to Pocahontas. He is credited with first developing tobacco as an export crop. John Rolf
Credited with saving the life of Captain John Smith and later married Jamestown community leader John Rolf. Pocahontas
An English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century, in New England, centered around the present-day cities of Salem and Boston. Associated with the Pilgrims and later the Puritains. Massachusetts Bay Colony
Known as the landing site of the Mayflower in 1620 and as the oldest municipality in New England. Plymouth
Members of a reformed Protestant sect in Europe and America that insisted on removing all vestiges of Catholicism from popular religious practice. Puritans
the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the Separatists later known as the Pilgrims who crossed the Atlantic aboard the Mayflower. Mayflower Compact
1870–1914, a voluntary mass migration of poor Europeans to the Americas. Great Migration
Founded by George Calvert as a haven for Englands persecuted Catholics. Maryland
Founders of Maryland. A father and son in whose name the charter was written. George Calvert died before he could see settlers arrive and Cecil put his younger brother in charge of the operation because he did not want to go. George and Cecilius Calvert
Founded by Anthony Ashley Cooper as a commercial venture in 1663. Although Cooper had assistance from John Locke in planning, the colony fell to slave gangs and plantations as Barbados became overpopulated. Carolina
Land given by the crown. New York, The Carolinas, and Pennsylvania were given as grants. Land grants
Founded by William Penn as a refuge for English Quakers in 1681. Pennsylvania
Founder of Pennsylvania, an early champion of democracy and religious freedom. William Penn
Members of a radical religious group, formally known as the society of Friends, that rejected formal theology and stressed each persons "Inner Light" a spiritual guide to righteousness. Quakers
Granted to Sir George Cateret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton by James the II, Duke of York. Having two landowners casued much confusion to the growing colony. New Jersey
Founded as an act of aggression against Spain. An asylum for Britain's debtors. It grew slowly and ended up opposing many of the values it was created under. Georgia
A British General who felt he could thwart Spanish designs on the are South of Charlestown while providing a fresh start for London's debtors. General Oglethorpe
System of land distribution through which settlers were granted a 50 acre plot of land from the colonial government for each servant or dependent they transferred to the New World. Headright system
Individuals who contracted to serve a master for a set number of years in exchange for cost of boat transport to America. Indentured servants
Had qualities of centralized governmental control, military conquest, and religious missionary efforts. Spread quickly through Latin and South America and held many outposts through the North American West. Early Spanish Colonies
Florida, California,Texas and parts of the American West. New Spain
An exploitative labor system designed by Spanish rulers in the New World by granting them local villages and control over local labor. Encomienda System
Louisiana Territory New France
Business enterprise that enabled investors to pool money for commercial trading activity and funding for sustaining colonies. Joint-stock Company
Religious dissenters exiled from Massachusetts Bay Colony. They took up residence with their followers in Rhode Island. Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson
Created by: MicahS