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Miller Colonization

US History Exploration/Colonization Unit

Who settled in the New England Colonies? English Puritans and Pilgrims
Why did Puritans and Pilgrims settle in New England? To escape religious persecution in England
What was the Pilgrims' "covenant community" based on? The Mayflower Compact
Were Puritans tolerant or intolerant of other religions? INtolerant (not accepting of other people's religious beliefs)
This was a major effect of exploration and colonization redistribution of the world's population
From which continent did people come INVOLUNTARILY to the New World? Africa
What was the Colombian (Biological) Exchange? An exchange of agricultural products, animals and diseases between the Old World and the New World.
Which colonial region practiced a form of democracy through town hall meetings? New England Colonies
Which colonial region was settled mainly by English, Dutch and German-speaking immigrants? Middle Colonies
This colonial region included: MA, NH, RI, CT New England Colonies
This colonial region included: NY, PA, DE, NJ Middle Colonies
This colonial region included: MD, VA, NC, SC, GA Southern Colonies
Why did settlers come to the Middle Colonies? Economic Opportunity AND Religious Freedom
What was the main reason settlers came to the Southern Colonies? Economic Opportunity
Who were the "cavaliers" ? English nobility (aristocrats) who received large land grants in Virginia from the King of England
What is an indentured servant? poor English immigrants who agreed to work on tobacco plantations for a period of time to pay off their debt for passage to the New World
When was Jamestown settled and by whom? 1607; John Smith
What was the reason for settling Jamestown? It was an economic venture sponsored by the Virginia Company of London
Name three main cash crops of Southern colonial America. Tobacco, indigo, and rice
What was the first permanent English settlement in the New World? Jamestown
What was the first permanent European settlement anywhere in the New World? St. Augustine
What was the first elected representative assembly in the New World? The Virginia House of Burgesses; it has operated continuously and today is called the Virginia General Assebly
Which European explores had violent confrontations with Native Americans ? The English and Spanish
Which European explorers had more cooperative interactions with Native Americans in the New World? The French
Which European nation colonized the Southwestern part of North America, the Caribbean, South and Central America? The Spanish
Which European nation settled mostly in Canada? The French
Where and when were Africans first brought to the English colonies against their will as slaves? Jamestown; 1619
Why was slave labor needed in Jamestown? to work on Tobacco plantations
The African slave trade developed as a result of this. plantation economies and labor shortages
What was the economy based on in the New England Colonies? Shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering, small-scale subsistence farming
What was the economy based on in the Middle Colonies? Ship-building, small scale farming, hunting and trading
What was the economy based on in the Southern Colonies? in the East: large plantations that grew "cash crops"; in the Western Appalachian foothills: hunting, trading and small-scale farming.
What was the "Puritan Ethic" ? a strong belief in the values of hard work and thrift (saving money)
What cities began to develop as large sea ports? New York and Philadelphia
What characterized colonial economic life in all the British colonies? a strong belief in private ownership of property and free enterprise
Society in this colonial region was based on religious standing. New England Colonies
Society in this colonial region was based on religious tolerance and had a flexible social structure where a middle class emerged Middle Colonies
Society in this colonial region was based on family status and ownership of land Southern Colonies
This New England colony was founded by dissenters who were fleeing persecution by Puritans in Massachussetts Rhode Island
This colonial region included middle class occupations, such as artisans, entrepreneurs (business owners) Middle Colonies
Settlers in this colonial region had stronger ties to the King of England and the Church of England than the other colonies Southern Colonies
What was "The Great Awakening"? a religious revival movement that swept through Europe and the colonies during the mid-1700s; It led to Evangelical religions, like Baptist and Methodist
Town hall meetings in New England were a form of what type of democracy? Direct democracy, where each person can be heard and vote
Which members of Southern colonies held leading roles in political life? Planters, who owned large plantations
What was the "Middle Passage"? The leg of the journey in the African slave trade that shipped slaves from Africa to the The New World.
The development of a slavery-based economy in the South would eventually lead to a conflict between what two groups? The North and the South during the Civil War.
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