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1942B B U.S. History

second semester study guide

TermDefinition
Hoovervilles towns built by homeless people during the great depression
Lend-Lease Act a law that allowed the U.S. to ship arms and supplies without immediate payment to nations fighting the Axis powers
Internment Camps confining and restricting camps during wartime
Marshall Plan the program under which the U.S. supplied economic aid to European nations to help with reconstruction after WWII
Highway Act of 1956 the act to establish an interstate highway system
Vietnamization the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops and their replacement with South Vietnamese forces
Containment the blocking of another nation's attempts to spread its influence
Domino Theory the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution the approval for the expansion of the Vietnam War
McCarthyism the often unsubstantiated attacks on people suspected of being communists
Red Scare the widespread fear of communism take-over in America
Freedom Riders civil rights activists who rode buses throught the south
Sit-ins a way to protest discrimination on which the protesters sit down in segregated businesses and refuse to leave until they are served
Bus Boycotts a mass protest that ended with the Supreme Court ruling that segregated buses are unconstitutional
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka a case in which the Supreme Court ruled that "separate but equal" education was unconstitutional
SNCC an organization formed to organize peaceful protests to give young blacks more involvement in civil rights protests
SCLC an organization formed by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and other civil rights leaders to work for civil rights peacefully
Nation of Islam an organization of black Muslims
Black Panthers a militant African-American political organization formed to fight police brutality and to provide services in the ghetto
The New Frontier JFK's proposed new legislative program
The Great Society LBJ's program to reduce poverty and racial injustice and to promote a better quality of life in America
The Manhattan Project the U.S. program to develop an atomic bomb for use in WWII
Bay of Pigs Invasion a failed invasion of Cuba by Cuban refugees in an attempt to overthrow the Cuban communist government
Cuban Missile Crisis the Soviet Union put a bunch of missiles in Cuba aimed at the U.S. when social tension between the Soviet Union and the U.S. was already high
The Berlin Airlift the airlifting of supplies and food over the Berlin Wall
Watergate Scandal a downward spiral of lies and deceit under the presidency of Nixon starting with a burglary and ending with the resignation of the president
Roe vs. Wade a case that gave women the power to choose whether they wanted to have an abortion, and the right to privacy regarding their decision
Reaganomics the economic policies that President Reagan supported during his presidency
Vietnam a country in Southeast Asia where a war broke out over communism
Plessy vs. Ferguson a lawsuit that questioned the constitutionality of "separate but equal"
Korematsu vs. the U.S. the ruling that sending Americans of Japanese descent to internment cams was just
Truman Doctrine a promise that the U.S. would provide help to any countries that are threatened by authoritarian forces
Great Depression A severe economic slump in the 1930s
The New Deal a series of programs enacted in the 1930s in response to the Great Depression
Gandhi a lawyer and leader of the Indian independence movement who employed non-violent tactics of protest
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. a minister and civil rights activist who protested inequality without violence
18th Amendment the prohibition of alcohol in the U.S.
Fidel Castro the Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959-1976
Cesar Chavez a civil rights activist who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association
The Great Society President Johnson's vision for America
The U.S. Roadway Act an act of 1916 to create a system of roads all over the U.S.
Korean War a fight against communism between the Soviet-backed North Korea and the U.S.-backed South Korea
Zero Tolerance the act of not allowing any infraction of any rule
Rosa Parks a civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus
Selma a city in Alabama in which three Voting Rights marches took place
Civilian Conservation Corps the CCC was awork relief program to help unemployed, unmarried men
National Recovery Act a law passed by congress that allowed the President to raise prices on good to benefit the economy
Tennessee Valley Authority the largest power providing corporation in the U.S.
Pearl Harbor a harbor and U.S. naval base in Oahu, Hawaii that was attacked by the Imperial Japanese in
Truman and the Atomic Bomb President Truman made the decision to drop two atomic bombs on two different Japanese cities, killing loads of civilians, including animals and children
Hitler Nazi leader
The Cold War a period of military tension between Cuba and the U.S. It was an arms race and no shots were fired.
Women and WWII in WWII< women were finally allowed to hold non-combative positions in their own branches of the armed forces
Beats a group of post WWII writers who were popular in the 1950s
Woodstock a music and art fair held at Bethel, New York
Reagan 40th president of the U.S.
Guerrilla Warfare a form of warfare in which a small group of civilians employ military tactics to fight someone
Sandra Day O'Connor the first woman appointed tot he Supreme Court
Baby Boom a great increase in birthrate
Economic growth in the U.S. in the 1950s this was the economic upswing of post WWII
Joseph McCarthy an American politician and Republican senator who created Mccarthyism
Nixon and the People’s Republic of China in 1972, Nixon visited the People's Republic of China to normalize relations between China and the U.S.
Haight/Ashbury a city in San Francisco that was an art and music hub for hippies in the 1960s
Created by: cgehrin