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Nail StructureGrowth

Nail Structure and Growth

QuestionAnswer
The nails are an appendage of the: A. hair B. muscles C. skin D. skeleton C. skin
A healthy nail appears: A. slightly pink B. yellowish C. slightly purple D. light blue A. slightly pink
The technical name for the nail is: A. onychauxis B. onyx C. onychosis D. onychia B. onyx
The nail is composed mainly of: A. keratin B. collagen C. melanin D. sebum A. keratin
The nail has between ___ water content. A. 50% - 75% B. 5% - 10% C. 30% - 50% D. 10% - 30% D. 10% - 30%
The portion of the skin on which the nail plate rests is the: A. lunula B. nail plate C. nail bed D. matrix bed C. nail bed
The nail is formed in the: A. mantle B. matrix bed (nail root) C. nail bed D. hyponychium B. matrix bed (nail root)
The visible portion of the matrix bed (nail root) is called the: A. mantle B. bed epitelium C. lunula D. nail groove C. lunula
The most visible and functional part of the nail unit is the: A. hyponychium B. nail plate C. matrix bed D. free edge B. nail plate
The area around the base of the fingernails and toenails is sealed against foreign material and microorganisms by the: A. cuticle B. nail groove C. nail fold D. ligament A. cuticle
The cuticle overlapping the lunula is the: A. nail fold B. mantle C. eponychium(ep-o-nik-e-um) D. hyponychium C. eponychium (ep-o-nik-e-um)
The portion of the skin under the free edge is called the: A. mantle B. eponychium(ep-o-nik-e-um) C. cuticle D. hyponychium (hi-po-nik-e-um) D. hyponychium (hi-po-nik-e-um)
The part of the nail that extends over the fingertip is the: A. suticle B. hyponychium (hi-po-nik-e-um) C. free edge D. lunula C. free edge
The nail bed and matrix bed are attached to the underlying bone by: A. the bed epithelium B. nail grooves C. muscles D. ligaments D. ligaments
The deep fold of skin in which the matrix bed is embedded is the: A. nail groove B. mantle C. hyponichium (hi-po-nik-e-um) D. nail fold B. mantle
In an adult, nails grow at an average rate of: A. 1/8" per month B. 1/8" per week C. 1/4" per week D. 1/2" per month A. 1/8" per month
One nail condition that may receive a manicure is: A. onychia (uh-NIK-ee-uh) B. onychophagy (on-e-ka-fa-je) C. paronychia D. onychosis B. onychophagy (on-e-ka-fa-je) bitten nails
Abnormal brittleness or spliting of the nails may be caused by: A. overuse of cuticle oil B. hangnails C. nail polish D. careless filing D. careless filing
White spot on the nail are known as: A. hangnails B. leukonychia (loo-ko-nik-e-a) C. onychauxis D. onychatrophia B. leukonychia (loo-ko-nik-e-a)
When the cuticle splits around the nail, it is known as: A. pterygium B. hangnails C. onychophagy D. onychorrhexis B. hangnails
Blue nails are often a sign of: A. poor blood circulation B. a stomcach ailment C. a lung disorder D. a finger infection A. poor blood circulation
Wavy ridges on the nails are caused by: A. careless filing of the nails B. uneven growth of the nails C. dryness of the cuticle D. biting the nails B. uneven growth of the nails
When manicuring a client with corrugations, you can buff the nails carefully and use a: A. antiseptic cream B. harsh abrasive C. ridge filler D. coat of primer C. ridge filler
Hangnails can be caused by: A. improper diet B. cutting off too much cuticle C. local infection D. injury to the base of the nail B. cutting off too much cuticle
Eggshell nails are thinner and ___ than normal. A. less fragile B. more rigid C. more flexible D. darker C. more flexible
Melanonychia (mela-no-nik-e-a) may be seen under or within the nail plate as a: A. purplish spot B. yellow-green spot C. white spot D. black band D. black band
The atrophy or wasting away of the nail is called: A. onychoptosis (on-e-kop-to-sis) B. onychatrophia (on-e-ka-tro-fe-a) C. melanonychia (mela-no-nik-e-a) D. felon B. onychatrophia (on-e-ka-tro-fe-a)
An abnormal overgrowth of the nail is known as: A. atrophy B. onychophagy (on-e-ka-fa-je) C. onychorrhexis (on-e-kor-ek-sis) D. hypertrophy D. hypertrophy
"Folded nail," a disorder characterized by one or both edges of the nail plate folded at 90 degrees or more into the soft tissues of the nail margins, is also called: A. atrophy B. plicatured nail (pli-cat-ur-ed) C. pterygium (te-rij-e-um) D. trumpet B. plicatured nail (pli-cat-ur-ed)
Abnormally brittle nails with striations are a disorder called: A. onychorrhexis (on-e-kor-ek-sis) B. furrows C. agnails D. onychophagy (on-e-ka-fa-je) A. onychorrhexis (on-e-kor-ek-sis)
A client with pterygium will have one or more nails with: A. wavy ridges B. abnormal brittleness C. whitish discoloration D. forward growth of the eponychium (ep-o-nik-e-um) D. forward growth of the eponychium (ep-o-nik-e-um)
An increased crosswise curvature throughout the nail plate is a symptom of: A. tile-shaped nails B. eggshell nails C. plicatured nails D. trumpet nails A. tile-shaped nails
Discolorations between the nail plate and artificial enhancements, which used to be called "molds" are actually caused by: A. fungi B. viruses C. bacteria D. injury C. bacteria
Do not perform nail services for clients who have: A. leukonychia (loo-ko-nik-e-a) B. fungus on their nails C. abnormally brittle nails D. forward growth of the eponychium B. fungus on their nails
The general term for vegetable parasites is: A. fungi B. flagella C. tinea (tin-ee-ah) D. onychosis (on-e-ko-sis) A. fungi
Pseudomonas (soo-do-monas) aeruginosa is a type of: A. virus B. overgrowth C. bacteria D. nail shedding C. bacteria
The technical term indicating any nail disease or deformity is: A. onychosis (on-e-ko-sis) B. onyx C. onychophagy (on-e-ka-fa-je) D. onychauxis (on-e-kawkiss) A. onychosis (on-e-ko-sis)
People who work with their hands in water or who must wash their hands continually are prone to: A. onychoptosis (on-e-kop-to-sis) B. pyogenic granuloma (pi-o-jenik) (gran-yu-lo-ma) C. onychogryposis (on-e-ko-gri-po-sis) D. paronychia (par-o-nik-e-a) D. paronychia (par-o-nik-e-a)
Onychia (o-nik-e-a) is an inflammation with pus formation affecting the: A. matrix bed B. nail body C. free edge D. cuticles A. matrix bed
The technical term for ingrown nails is: A. onychia (o-nik-e-a) B. felon C. onychocryptosis (on-e-ko-krip-tosis) D. tinea (tin-ee-ah) C. onychocryptosis (on-e-ko-krip-tosis)
Onychogryposis (on-e-ko-gri-po-sis) is most commonly seen on the: A. middle finger B. thumb C. little toe D. great toe D. great toe
The loosening of the nail without shedding, usually from the free edge to the lunula, is called: A. onychomadesis (on-e-ko-ma-desis) B. onychogryposis (on-e-ko-gri-po-sis) C. onycholysis (on-e-kol-i-sis) D. onychia (o-nik-e-a) C. onycholysis (on-e-kol-i-sis)
Onychomadesis (on-e-ko-ma-desis), onychoptosis (on-e-kop-to-sis), and onychia (o-nik-e-a) all have this symptom in common: A. shedding of the nail B. blisters on the skin C. overgrowth of the nail D. inflammation of the nail A. shedding of the nail
the common name for tinea (tin-ee-ah) is: A. felon B. ringworm C. ingrown nails D. hangnail B. ringworm
A severe inflammation of the nail in which a lump of red tissue grows from the nail bed to the nail plate is known as: A. onychophagy (on-e-ka-fa-je) B. paronychia (par-o-nik-e-a) C. pyogenic granuloma (pi-o-jenik gran-yu-lo-ma) D. onychauxis (on-e-ka C. pyogenic granuloma (pi-o-jenik gran-yu-lo-ma)
The medical term for athlete's foot is: A. tinea unguium (tin-ee-ah un-gue-um) B. tinea favosa C. tinea capitis D. tinea pedis D. tinea pedis
Tinea unguium (tin-ee-ah un-gue-um) is commonly called: A. ringworm of the scalp B. ringworm of the nails C. honeycomb ringworm D. athlete's foot B. ringworm of the nails
One common form of tinea unguium (tin-ee-ah un-gue-um) is characterized by: A. whitish patches on the nail surface B. a lump of red tissue C. blisters under the nail D. shedding nails A. whitish patches on the nail surface
An infected finger should be treated by a/an: A. instructor B. nail technician C. cosmetologist D. physician D. physician
The only service you may be allowed to perform for a client with nail fungus is to: A. refill the new growth B. apply polish C. remove any artificial nails D. buff to a shine C. remove any artificial nails
Created by: hodges900
 

 



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