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STAAR

STAAR Review

QuestionAnswer
Formed before the Civil War and was anti-slavery. Temporarily dominated US politics after Civil War Republicans
All were examples of government compromises that actually spread slavery further in country Kansas-Nebraska Act
Henry Clay's compromise to end the nullification crisis Nullification Compromise
Act that helped slave owner's recover their runaway slaves fro the North Fugitive Slave Act
Law that a person could claim 160 acres of land I the Western Territories Homestead Act
Indian policy that broke up reservation into individual land plots Dawes Act
Land grant that established agricultural universities (A&M) Morrill Act
preserved balance of free & slave states and said Congress would not regulate slavery in territories Compromise of 1850
Missouri slave state and Main free-no slavery N and West of 26 30 parallel Missouri Compromise
Established a system of orderly expansion and how territory becomes a state Northwest Ordinance
Said Africans Americans were not citizens of the U.S., Missouri Compromise unconstitutional and increased sectional differences Dred Scott v Sanford
Cherokee Nation sued Georgia to keep their lands and won, but they were removed by Jackson anyway Worcester v. Georgia
Said that federal government had the power to regulated trade between states Gibbons v. Ogden
Said that a state could not tax a national bank; increased the power of the national government McCulloch v. Maryland
Said that the Supreme Court had right to review all laws made by Congress; established the idea of Judicial Review Marbury v. Madison
One of the most influential Supreme Court Justices - he helped establish judicial review John Marshall
Political party dedicated to stopping the Expansion of Slavery Free Soil Party
Group who opposed Jackson's policies - helped support states rights and Henry Clay's American System Whig Party
Began with the election in 1828 of Andrew Jackson Democratic Party
Believe in strong national government; high tariffs; support of industry (John Adams and Alexander Hamilton) Federalist Party
Inventor of the steel plow John Deere
Inventor of the telegraph Samuel Morse
Painter or birds and other wildlife. Authored Birds of American John James Audubon
7th President - hero at battle of New Orleans; ordered Trail of Tears and supported power of the national government Andrew Jackson
Representative and Senator in Congress. Know for debates against Haynes & Calhoun on topics of states' rights Daniel Webster
6th president - member of Congress & favored strong nationalism against state's rights and opposed the pro-slavery messages of Calhoun John Quincy Adams
Journalism; his trial helped establish idea of freedom of the press John Peter Zenger
invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts Eli Whitney
writer and poet; popularized the idea of freedom of transcendentalism Ralph Waldo Emerson
reformer who fought to improve the care of mentally ill Dorothea Dix
known as "The Great Compromiser" created the Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay
Vice President of U.S.; created a Doctrine of Nullification which said that a state could decide if a law was constitutional John C. Calhoun
Militant abolitionist who led raid at Harper's Ferry John Brown
Amendment that allowed former slaves the right to vote 15th amendment
amendment that is know as 'civil rights' amendment, equal protection 14th amendment
amendment that freed all slaves 13th amendment
Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Grant - officially ended the Civil War Appomattox
Important Union victory - Pickett's Charge was turning point of battle - Lincoln gave address here in honor of the dead Gettysburg
single bloodiest battle of the Civil War Antietam
forced the Union army to retreat - Stonewall Jackson became strong General for South - first battle with bloodshed Bull Run
first shots of The Civil War Fort Sumter
US will not allow any European country to create new colonies in Western Hemisphere. US will not intervene in European affairs and they shouldn't intervene in ours. Monroe Doctrine
Idea that many people as possible should be allowed a voice in the Democratic system Jacksonian Democracy
Requiring Native Americans to relocate to the Indian Territory Indian Removal Act
The state had the right to nullify any law passed by the federal governement if the state deems it unconstitutional Doctrine of Nullification
Jackson disliked the bank and didn't renew the charter and caused the Panic of 1837 War on the Bank
Encouraged no political parties and isolationism in foreign policy George Washington' s Farewell Address
French diplomats tried to bribe US- "Millions for defense, not one cent for tribute" XYZ Affair (President John Adams)
targets immigrants from other countries and made it harder to become a US citizen and discrimination is easier Alien and Sedition Acts (President John Adams)
court case that established Judicial Review Marbury v Madison (President Thomas Jefferson)
doubled the size of the US Louisiana Purchase (President Thomas Jefferson)
restricted trade to any country Embargo Act of 1807 (President Thomas Jefferson)
US earned worldwide respect and helped spark the Industrial Revolution War of 1812 (President James Madison)
First battle of American Revolution/Revolutionary War Lexington and Concord
Turning point of American Revolution/Revolutionary War because it influenced foreign nations to support America in the war Saratoga
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War Yorktown
First permanent settlement Jamestown 1607
Mayflower compact was written and Plymouth established 1620
American listed grievances to England and Declared Independence 1776
When the constitutional Convention me to rewrite constitution as a result of Articles of Confederation giving states too much power 1787
The years the union fought against the confederacy over the issue of slavery and states' rights 1861-1865
Created by: Coachcarr