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STAAR Vocab Quiz #2

Sugar Act Tax on Sugar (Colonists' Reaction: Taxation Without Representation)
Stamp Act Tax on written goods (paper, stamps, etc.)(Colonists' Reaction: Protests and the Sons of Liberty)
Townshend Acts Which act placed a tax on imported goods like paper, silk, glass, lead and tea?(Colonists' Reaction: Boycotts)
Intolerable Acts Which acts were so harsh to the colonists and essentially closed Boston?(Colonists' Reaction: Formed the First Continental Congress)
John Adams 2nd President, XYZ Affair, Alien and Sedition Acts
Thomas Hooker Founder of the state of Connecticut and was the Father of American Democracy. Connecticut adopted the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut sometimes called the "First written Constitution."
Anne Hutchinson Banished from Massachusetts colony; one of the founders of Rhode Island
Marquis de Lafayette French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution
Haym Solomon Polish Jew who helped finance the American Revolution. He also spied for the Americans, and was a translator for the British.
John Paul Jones American naval founder/commander in the American Revolution. Said "I have not yet begun to fight."
Anti-Federalists people opposed to the Constitution, preferring more power be given to the state governments than to the national government (Patrick Henry, George Mason, Thomas Jefferson)
nullification the idea of a state declaring a federal law illegal
primary sources the original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts
secondary sources the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often secondary sources, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources
republicanism people vote for representatives; an attitude toward society in the late 1700s based on the belief that the good virtue and morality of the people was essential to sustain the republican form of government
Industrial Revolution the era in which a change from household industries to factory production using powered machinery took place
Magna Carta signed in 1215 by William and Mary of England, was the first document that limited power of the ruler
English Bill of Rights protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights
Declaration of Independence was a document written by Thomas Jefferson, declaring the colonies independence from England
Articles of Confederation the first American constitution. It setup a very weak government that placed most of the power in the hands of the states who each had one vote in Congress regardless of population.
Andrew Jackson the leader of the original Democratic Party and a “President of the common man”. He was also responsible for the Trail of Tears, which forced Native Americans west of the Mississippi River.
John C. Calhoun a South Carolina Congressman and Senator who spoke for the South before and during the Civil War
Henry Clay a powerful Kentucky Congressman and Senator who proposed the American System and the Compromise of 1850
Daniel Webster a Massachusetts Congressman and Senator who spoke for the North and the preservation of the Union
Jefferson Davis the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant the General of the Union Army and was responsible for winning the Civil War for the North
Robert E. Lee the General of the Confederate Army
Abraham Lincoln the 16th President of the United States who successfully put the Union back together only to be assassinated 5 days after the Civil War ended
Alexander Hamilton a leader of the Federalists, first Treasurer of the United States, creator of the Bank of the U.S., and killed in a duel by the Vice President of the United States, Aaron Burr
Patrick Henry a passionate patriot who became famous for his fiery speeches in favor of American independence. His most famous quote included the words, “Give me liberty or give me death!”
James Madison considered to be the “Father of the Constitution”
Frederick Douglass a former slave who became the best-known black abolitionist in the country; writer of the North Star and an excellent public speaker
Monroe Doctrine the author of the Monroe Doctrine, which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference
Harriet Tubman was an escaped slave who became a Conductor on the Underground Railroad and helped over 300 slaves to freedom in the North
Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized the Seneca Falls Convention creating the Women’s Rights Movement in the United States
1st Amendment states that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition
4th Amendment requires that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government
5th Amendment protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self-incrimination); bans double jeopardy, and guarantees that no person will suffer the loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
7th Amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil suits
3rd Amendment forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes
McCulloch v. Maryland Which Supreme Court case stated that states had no right to interfere with federal institutions within their borders; strengthened federal power? (battle over the National Bank)
New England Colonies Region of colonies with colder climates and rocky soil including- Connecticut, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island. Settled by Pilgrims in 1620 and Puritans in the 1630s to escape religious persecution in England
Middle Colonies Region of colonies with fertile soil and lots of forests, many different groups lived in this region which included the colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware. NY was important trading area
William Penn colonized Pennsylvania as a place for the Quakers
Abigail Adams John Adam's wife, she appealed to her husband to protect the rights of women
Wentworth Cheswell Revolutionary war veteran who was the first African American elected to office. Made the same midnight ride as Paul Revere
Mercy Otis Warren New England woman who wrote many works. These included a history of the revolution, a play, and poems. One of America's first writers
James Armistead An African American Spy; He spied on British General Cornwallis
Bernardo de Galvez Spanish General, shipped supplies to Americans, commanded the Spanish against British in Louisiana, protected city of New Orleans, and kept the British from taking the Mississippi River during American Revolution
Crispus Attucks A free black man who was the first person killed in the Revolution at the Boston Massacre
Created by: sealek