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Social Studies

This is about WWII

QuestionAnswer
How did Hitler violate the Treaty of Versailles? He rearmed his country, stopped paying war reparations, took over more land: Rhineland, Austria, Sudetenland, and Czechoslovakia.
What pact did Hitler and Stalin make? The Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
Why was the Munich Pact created and how did Hitler violate it? Hitler could keep the land he took, but he could not take over anymore. He violated it by invading Poland.
Who belonged to the Axis Powers? Germany, Italy, Japan, Soviet Union
Who belonged to the Allied Powers? Britain, France, China, Soviet Union
What country switched from the Axis Powers to the Allied Powers? Soviet Union
Leader of Germany? Hitler
Leader of Italy? Mussolini
Leader(s) of Japan? Hirohito, and Tojo (Main guy)
Leader of Great Britain? Churchill
Leader of U.S.? FDR and Truman
Leader of Soviet Union? Stalin
Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1937? FDR wanted no involvement in European issues, so American businesses could not get involved either
What was the Cash and Carry Policy? (1939) Businesses and government could sell weapons and supplies for CASH ONLY!
What was the Lend-Lease Act? (1941) Businesses and government could lend weapons and supplies on CREDIT to ALLIED POWERS ONLY!
What did the Germans rename their part of France? Vichy
How was the Battle of Britain fought? Air force (Luftwaffe vs. RAF)
What name was given to the German invasion of the Soviet Union? Operation Barbarossa
Which leader was killed by his own people? Mussolini
What was the outcome of the Battle of Stalingrad? The Germans lost, and Russians pushed Germans farther west.
What was the D-Day invasion? What was the outcome? Eisenhower's plan to liberate France by landing on beaches. Allied victory, pushed Germans out of France.
What was the Battle of Bulge? What was the outcome? Last offensive effort by Germans to retake France. Germans lost, U.S. lost about 81,000 soldiers.
What was the Battle of Berlin? What was the outcome? Attack launched by Russians, German soldiers surrendered to the Allies, Hitler committed suicide, VE Day (War in Europe officially over)
In the 2nd Sino-Japanese war, what technique was used by the Japanese? Total war (kill all, burn all, destroy all)
How did the U.S. respond to Japan invading French Indochina? We put and oil embargo on them (no oil sent to Japan)
What happened on Dec. 7, 1941? Attack on Pearl Harbor, bringing U.S. into the war.
What strategy did the U.S. use after the Battle of Midway? Island hopping
What battle was considered the turning point in the war of the Pacific? Battle of Guadalcanal
What event led to the creation of the 1st atomic bomb? The Manhattan Project
Why did the U.S. decide to drop 2 atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? To end the war faster, save American lives, and save money.
Why was there no peace treaty at the end of WWII? Germany and Japan both had unconditional surrender.
Who attended the Yalta/Potsdam Conference and what were these leaders trying to accomplish? U.S., Great Britain, and USSR. They were discussing postwar reorganization.
What did the Allies decide to do with Japan? Forced demilitarization, they had to give up land,and had to create a new government.
What did the Allies decide to do with Germany? Forced demilitarization, they had to give up land, pay war reparations, and forced to rebuild.
What was the International Military Tribunal? Punish military leaders for their war crimes?
What was the United Nations? Prevent war and create peace.
How is the United Nations different from the League of Nations? The United Nations had almost every country join, had a military, and had money.
What were the Nuremberg Laws? Specific laws restricting the lives of the Jews in Germany.
What was "Kristallnacht"? Night of Broken Glass
What were the cities that were turned into holding areas for the Jews called? The Ghettos
What was Hitler's "Final Solution" Coded word for Hitler's plan to eliminate all of the Jews.
What was Zyklon-B? The gas used in gas chambers to kill the Jews.
What was the purpose of the Nuremberg Trials? Bring democracy into Germany, prevent future war crimes, PUNISH THE GERMANS!
Created by: Camryn_O'Baker
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