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IR and I Review

Industrial Revolution and Immigration PASS Review

QuestionAnswer
What did Samuel Morse do? He invented a way to send telegraph messages using Morse Code.
What was the Industrial Revolution? It was a time period of new inventions and technologies.
What did Alexander Graham Bell invent? He invented the telephone.
What is Thomas Edison famous for? He invented more than 1,000 new inventions, including the electric light bulb, the phonograph, and the electric power station.
What did Orville and Wilbur Wright do? In 1903, they made the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
What did Henry Ford do? He invented the assembly line, which is a method of mass production that lowered the cost of automobiles.
What did Albert Einstein invent? He invented the atomic bomb.
What is mechanization? It is when we use machines to do work. Inventors in the 1800's created new machines to make farming easier.
Between 1880 and 1920 where did most immigrants come from? They came from Europe.
What did immigrants contribute to? They contributed to the growth of big cities.
What countries did many immigrants come from? Ireland, Great Britain, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia.
Where were immigrants examined? They were examined on Angel Island in San Francisco and Ellis Island in New York City before being allowed in the country.
What are tenements? They are run-down buildings divided into apartments where many immigrants lived.
What are slums? They are unsafe and run-down sections of a city were tenements are often found.
Where did immigrants work? They found jobs in our country's railroads, factories and mines. Some sold goods from push carts.
What is a sweatshop? It is a workshop that is hot, cramped and dangerous. Many immigrants worked there.
What is prejudice? It is an unfair negative opinion about a group of people.
What is diversity? It is variety.
What are settlement houses? They were first founded by Jane Addams as community centers that offered food, clothing and basic needs for poor people.
What process did Carnegie use to make steel? He used the Bessemer process to make it in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
What did John D. Rockefeller do? He was a business leader who started the Standard Oil Company, one of the largest monopolies in the United States.
What is a monopoly? It is a company that controls an entire industry.
What is a corporation? It is a business owned by investors, and it sells shares of the company.
What are stocks? They are shares of a company.
What is free enterprise? It is an economic system in which people are free to start their own businesses and own their own property.
How did the rise of big business change the United States? It changed the US because by the early 1900's more people worked in industries than on farms.
What are two things that contributed to the increase in the population of cities? New industries and the increasing number of immigrants contributed to the increase of population in cities.
What is urbanization? It is the movement of people from rural areas to cities.
What are labor unions? they are organizations formed by workers to fight for better wages and working conditions. They also worked to end child labor.
What is a strike? It is when workers refuse to work to try to force business owners to meet their demands.
What was the Great Migration? It was the movement of millions of African Americans to the northern United States from the southern United State between 1915 and 1940's in search of work and fair treatment.
What are Progressives? They are reformers who worked to stop unfair business practices and to improve the way in which the government worked.
What is a muckraker? It is a writer who helped to focus the country's attention on unfair business practices.
What are two reform acts that Theodore Roosevelt signed? He signed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.
What did John Muir do? He was one of the first conservationists who worked to preserve the wilderness.
Created by: jdl6945
 

 



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