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IR and I Review
Industrial Revolution and Immigration PASS Review
|What did Samuel Morse do?
|He invented a way to send telegraph messages using Morse Code.
|What was the Industrial Revolution?
|It was a time period of new inventions and technologies.
|What did Alexander Graham Bell invent?
|He invented the telephone.
|What is Thomas Edison famous for?
|He invented more than 1,000 new inventions, including the electric light bulb, the phonograph, and the electric power station.
|What did Orville and Wilbur Wright do?
|In 1903, they made the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
|What did Henry Ford do?
|He invented the assembly line, which is a method of mass production that lowered the cost of automobiles.
|What did Albert Einstein invent?
|He invented the atomic bomb.
|What is mechanization?
|It is when we use machines to do work. Inventors in the 1800's created new machines to make farming easier.
|Between 1880 and 1920 where did most immigrants come from?
|They came from Europe.
|What did immigrants contribute to?
|They contributed to the growth of big cities.
|What countries did many immigrants come from?
|Ireland, Great Britain, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia.
|Where were immigrants examined?
|They were examined on Angel Island in San Francisco and Ellis Island in New York City before being allowed in the country.
|What are tenements?
|They are run-down buildings divided into apartments where many immigrants lived.
|What are slums?
|They are unsafe and run-down sections of a city were tenements are often found.
|Where did immigrants work?
|They found jobs in our country's railroads, factories and mines. Some sold goods from push carts.
|What is a sweatshop?
|It is a workshop that is hot, cramped and dangerous. Many immigrants worked there.
|What is prejudice?
|It is an unfair negative opinion about a group of people.
|What is diversity?
|It is variety.
|What are settlement houses?
|They were first founded by Jane Addams as community centers that offered food, clothing and basic needs for poor people.
|What process did Carnegie use to make steel?
|He used the Bessemer process to make it in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
|What did John D. Rockefeller do?
|He was a business leader who started the Standard Oil Company, one of the largest monopolies in the United States.
|What is a monopoly?
|It is a company that controls an entire industry.
|What is a corporation?
|It is a business owned by investors, and it sells shares of the company.
|What are stocks?
|They are shares of a company.
|What is free enterprise?
|It is an economic system in which people are free to start their own businesses and own their own property.
|How did the rise of big business change the United States?
|It changed the US because by the early 1900's more people worked in industries than on farms.
|What are two things that contributed to the increase in the population of cities?
|New industries and the increasing number of immigrants contributed to the increase of population in cities.
|What is urbanization?
|It is the movement of people from rural areas to cities.
|What are labor unions?
|they are organizations formed by workers to fight for better wages and working conditions. They also worked to end child labor.
|What is a strike?
|It is when workers refuse to work to try to force business owners to meet their demands.
|What was the Great Migration?
|It was the movement of millions of African Americans to the northern United States from the southern United State between 1915 and 1940's in search of work and fair treatment.
|What are Progressives?
|They are reformers who worked to stop unfair business practices and to improve the way in which the government worked.
|What is a muckraker?
|It is a writer who helped to focus the country's attention on unfair business practices.
|What are two reform acts that Theodore Roosevelt signed?
|He signed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.
|What did John Muir do?
|He was one of the first conservationists who worked to preserve the wilderness.