Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know (0)
Remaining cards (0)
Know (0)
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

MCAT Org. Chem Ch. 9

TermDefinition
Amides Are The Condensation Products Of: Carboxylic acids and ammonia or amines
Suffix For Amides: -amide. Alkyl groups on a substituted amide are written at the beginning of the name with the prefix N-
Cyclic Amides Are Called: Lactams. They are named by the Greek letter of the carbon forming the bond with the nitrogen. (β-lactam, γ-lactam, etc)
Esters Are The Condensation Products Of: Carboxylic acids with alcohols (Fischer esterification)
Suffix Of Esters: -oate.
The Esterifying Group Of An Ester Is Written As: A substituent without a number
Cyclic Esters Are Called: Lactones. They are named by the number of carbons in the ring, and the Greek letter of the carbon forming the bond with the oxygen (α-acetolactone, β-propiolactone, etc)
Triacylglycerols Are A Form Of: Fat storage which include three ester bonds between glycerol and fatty acids
Saponification Is: The breakdown of fat using a strong base to form a soap (salts of long-chain carboxylic acids)
Anhydrides Are: The condensation dimers of carboxylic acids.
Symmetric Anhydrides Are Named For: Parent carboxylic acid followed by anhydride.
Assymetric Anhydrides Are Named By: Listing the parent carboxylic acids alphabetically followed by anhydride
IN Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions, Anhydrides Are More Reactive Than: Esters which are more reactive than amides
Steric Hindrances Describes: When a reaction cannot proceed (or significantly slows) because of substituents crowding the reactive site
Protecting Groups Such As Acetals Can Be Used To: Increase steric hindrance or otherwise decrease the reactivity of a particular portion of a molecule
Induction Refers To: Uneven distribution of charge across a sigma bond because of differences in electronegativity.
The More Electronegative Groups In A Carbonyl-Containing Compound: The greater its reactivity
Conjugation Refers To: The presence of alternating single and multiple bonds which creates delocalized pi-electron clouds above and below the plane of the molecule.
Electrons Experience Resonance Through: The unhybridized p-orbitals which increases stability.
Conjugated Carbonyl-Containing Compounds Are More Reactive Because: They can stabilize their transition states
Increased Strain In A Molecule Can Make It: More reactive.
β-lactams Are Prone To Hydrolysis Because: They have significant ring strain
Ring Strain Is Due To: Torsional strain from eclipsing interactions and angle strain from compressing bond angles below 109.5 degrees.
All Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Can Undergo: Nucleophilic substitution reactions. The rates at which they do so depends on their relative reactivities.
Anhydrides Can Be Cleaved By Th Addition Of A: Nucleophile
Addition Of Ammonia Or An Amine Results In: An amide and a carboxylic acid
Addition Of An Alcohol Results In: An ester and a carboxylic acid
Addition Of Water Results In: Two carboxylic acids
Transesterification: The exchange of one esterifying group for another on an ester.
The Attacking Nucleophile In Transesterification Is: An alcohol
Amides Can Be Hydrolyzed To: Carboxylic acids under strongly acidic or basic conditions.
The Attacking Nucleophile Of Amides Hydrolyzing Into Carboxylic Acids Is: Water or the hydroxide anion
Created by: SamB91
 

 



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then tap the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, tap the green Know box. Otherwise, tap the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, tap "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just tap on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards