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Chapter16

QuestionAnswer
Explain how the U.S. helped the Allies before officially entering World War II? The U.S. provided economic and military aid to help the Allies achieve victory.
What proved to be a deciding factor in World War II that still remains today? The military capability of the U.S. was a deciding factor.
Explain Roosevelt's "cash-and-carry" policy. It allowed warring nations to buy U.S. arms as long as they paid cash and transported them in their own ships.
Why did the creation of the Tripartite Pact between the Axis powers place the United States in potential military jeopardy? It meant if the U.S. were to declare war on one of the Axis powers, it would have a two-ocean war, fighting on both sides.
What acts did Congress pass that increased the U.S. defenses and indicated it was preparing for war? Congress passed the Selective Training and Service Act which increased defenses and indicated they were preparing for war.
What tradition did Roosevelt break during the Presidential election of 1940? Roosevelt broke the two-term presidency and ran for reelection.
Explain the Lend Lease Act. The Lend Lease Act allowed the president to lend or lease arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the United States".
How did Germany respond to the Lend Lease Act that now included the Soviet Union? Germany (Hitler) broke the agreement he made in 1919 with Stalin to not go to war and invaded the Soviet Union.
List the goals of the Atlantic Charter. Collective security, disarmament, self-determination, economic cooperation, and freedom of the seas.
How did the United States react to the Japanese expansion and what effect would this have on Japan? The U.S. protested this act of aggression by stopping trade with Japan. It cut Japan off from oil, so Japan was down with one blow.
How did Roosevelt know the Japanese were planning to attack the United States? The U.S. military broke Japan's secret communication codes and learned that Japan was getting ready to strike.
Explain how Japan's actions also behooved the United States to become united. It caused those who were formerly isolationists to support an all-out American effort.
What industry played a very important role during World War II and has remained important to the U.S. economy? Military industries in the U.S. today are a major part of the American economy.
How long was the basic training before the draftees and volunteers were labeled battle-ready GIs? They were at bases for 8 weeks.
What was unique about the WAC and describe the military role it fulfilled during World War II? WACs worked as nurses, ambulance drivers, radio operators, electricians, and pilots (other duties not including direct combat).
Why would minorities question their military service during World War II? Because they were denied rights and segregated into neighborhoods and reservations.
What effect did the was have on industry in the U.S.? In 1944, there were 3 times as many workers in war industries than in 1941.
How was the labor shortage overcome? War industries hired women.
What was the letter about and how did the President respond? It warned him that the Germans could use their discovery to construct a weapon of enormous destructive power. He created an Advisory Committee on Uranium to study the new discovery.
What were some of the items that were rationed and what item proved most difficult to ration in the west? Meat, shoes, sugar, coffee and gasoline were rationed, but gas rationing was hardest to ration in the west.
Why did Churchill and Roosevelt make the decision to launch Operation Torch and why did this decision make Joseph Stalin angry? Because they didn't think the Allies had enough troops to attempt an invasion on European soil. Stalin was angry because he wanted them to invade the English channel to force Hitler to divert troops from the Soviet Union.
Tuskegee Airman Pilots who fought in Italy in an all-black 99th Pursuit Squadron. They won 2 Distinguished Unit Citations for their aerial combat against the German Luftwaffe.
Company E of the 141st Regiment, 36th division An all-Mexican-American unit that became one of the most decorated of the war.
100th Battalion/442nd Regimental Combat Team Became known as the Purple Heart Battalion and merged with the 442nd Regimental Combat Team to become the most decorated unit in U.S. history.
What was Operation Overlord or D-Day? It was an Allied invasion to attack Normandy in Northern France. The troops were followed by thousands and thousands of seaborne soldiers.
During the Battle of the Bulge what was Hitler's goal and what was the result? He hoped to disrupt the enemy's supply lines and demoralize the Allies. The Germans lost 120,000 troops, 600 tanks and guns, and 1,600 planes. All of which they could not replace, so they retreated.
What was this famous general's name and what famous statement did he make as he left the Philippines? Douglas MacArthur was the general and he said "I shall return" when he left the Philippines.
What was the significance of Doolittle's Raid? It started to turn the tide against the Japanese, and lifted America's sunken spirits, dampening Japan's.
In what ways could you compare The Battle of Midway with the Japanese triumph at Pearl Harbor? The American's knew there was an attack coming both times. Both results were devastating, and many lives were taken in both events.
Describe the American victories at Iwo Jima and Okinawa and their importance. Both cost a lot of lives, Iwo Jima only sparing 200 of 20,700 Japanese and 6,000 American marines lives were lost. And Okinawa taking 7,600 Americans and 110,000 Japanese. They gave Allies a taste of how the invasion of the Japanese home islands would be.
Created by: Matti