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STAAR Review

Reconstruction

QuestionAnswer
Philip Bazaar First Hispanic to recieve the Medal of Honor
William Carney First African American to recieve the Medal of Honor
Hiram Rhodes Revels A freedman his entire life, Hiram Rhodes Revels was the first African American to serve in the U.S. Congress.
Radical Republicans Republicans who had additional goals for reconstruction
Scalawags a white Southerner who sided with northern Republicans during Reconstruction
Carpetbaggers a person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction.
13th Amendment Abolished slavery in the United States
14th Amendment Gave African Americans the full rights and protections of US citizens
15th Amendment Gave African American men the right to vote
Compromise of 1877 Ended the era of Reconstruction
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 the first United States federal law to define US citizenship and affirmed that all citizens were equally protected by the law. It was mainly intended to protect the civil rights of African-Americans.
Freedmen's Bureau established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War
Black Codes laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the purpose of restricting African Americans' freedom
Homestead Act accelerated the settlement of the western territory by granting adult heads of families 160 acres of surveyed public land for a minimal filing fee and 5 years of continuous residence on that land
Dawes Act A federal law intended to turn Native Americans into farmers and landowners by providing cooperating families with 160 acres of reservation land for farming or 320 acres for grazing.
Morrill Act provided grants of land to states to finance the establishment of colleges specializing in “agriculture and the mechanic arts.”
Andrew Johnson President of the United States after Lincon's assassination. Created a plan for reconstruction.
Created by: bmercer