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STAAR Review

8th History: Industry and Reform

Supply and Demand The amount of a product, or service available and the desire of buyers for it, are factors affecting its price
Lowell Mills Textile mills located in the factory town of Lowell, MA, founded in 1826
Factory System A method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building
Underground Railroad A series of escape routes used by slaves escaping the south
Suffrage The right to vote
Push and Pull Factors A factor that pushes people out of their native lands and pulls them toward a new place
Immigrant A person who settles in a new country
Famine A severe food shortage
Civil Disobedience Peacefully refusing to obey laws that one considers unjust
Prejudice A negative opinion that is not based on facts
Industrialization The process in which a society or country transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services.
Urbanization Growth of cities resulting from industrialization
Industrial Revolution In late 18th century Britain, factory machines began replacing hand tools and manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work
Rural Characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.
Reform To change—usually for the better
Second Great Awakening The renewal of religious faith in the 1790s and early 1800s
Abolitionists People opposed to slavery. Participated in the movement to end slavery
Seneca Falls Convention A women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York in in 1848
Declaration of Sentiments a document signed in 1848 by 68 women and 32 men—100 out of some 300 attendees at the first women's rights convention to be organized by women.
Textile a type of cloth or woven fabric
temperance A campaign to stop drinking alcohol
Free Enterprise System where business can be conducted freely based on the choices of individuals
Created by: bmercer