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American Vocabulary

Terms used in America

TermDefinition
Blockade When good are prevented from going into or out of an area
Mercantilism Economic system in which England controlled trade of the colonies
Free Enterprise System Individual people and not the government control the economy; people decide what to make, sell and buy. (Alexander Hamilton)
American System Henry Clay's plan for economic growth; protective tariffs, transportation, roads and canals, 2nd national bank
Louisiana Purchase Land bought by US in 1803; from Rocky Mts. To Mississippi River
Manifest Destiny This was the name given to the idea that the United States was destined to expand from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean
Northwest Ordinance Set up a method by which the United States territory could grow and expand in an orderly manner; specifically it was passed for the Northwest Territory
Nullification Idea that a state government could nullify or ignore federal law that they feel unfairly hurts their state (or unconstitutional); S. Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun nearly attempted to secede from US after nullifying protective tariffs.
Protective Tariffs Taxes on imported goods that are designed to help United States companies compete in the sale of goods
Unalienable Rights Rights that cannot or should not be taken away by a government because they are given by God; examples: Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.
Transcendentalism A philosophy emphasizing the spiritual importance in life over the material importance.
Minimum Government Intrusion (Laissez Faire) Idea that citizens have the right to privacy and independence from government control
Property Rights The right to own property
Communication Systems Process of keeping the colonies connected to know what was going on in the others
Transcontinental Railroad Railroad line that linked the well-developed railway network of the East Coast with rapidly growing California
Urbanization Social process where cities grow and societies become more urban
Radical Reconstruction Plan made bye "radical" republicans in Congress to reconstruct the south after the Civil War
Confederation United in a league, alliance, or conspiracy
Civil Disobedience The refusal to obey certain laws or government demands for the purpose of influencing legislation or government policy, characterized by the employment of such nonviolent techniques as boycotting, picketing, and nonpayment of taxes
Industrialism The large scale introduction of manufacturing, advanced technical enterprises, and other productive economic activity into an area, society, country, etc.
1st Great Awakening The 1st Great Awakening was a period of great revivalism that spread throughout the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s. It de-emphasized the importance of church doctrine and instead put a greater importance on the individual and their spiritual experience
2nd Great Awakening A period of religious revivalism in the 1800's that focused on reform and repairing moral injustices
Virginia Plan The Virginia Plan, each state would have a different number of representatives based on the state's population
New Jersey Plan The New Jersey Plan, the number of representatives would be the same for each state
Great Compromise It called for a Bi-cameral Congress with population based representation in the House, and two representatives per state in the Senate
Scalawags A native white Southerner who collaborated with the occupying forces during Reconstruction, often for personal gain
Carpetbaggers A Northerner who went to the South after the Civil War and became active in Republican politics, especially so as to profiteer from the unsettled social and political conditions of the area during Reconstruction.
Created by: ninja_mochi