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infection control

QuestionAnswer
One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristices are known as: A. fungi B. cilia C. bacteria D. viruses C. bacteria
A type of pathogenic bacteria is the: A. saprophyte B.parasite C. virus D. cilia B. parasite
Harmful bacteria are referred to as: A. nonpathogenic B. saprophytes C. protozoa D. pathogenic D pathogenic
Pathogenic bacteria produce: A. health B. beneficial effects C. disease D. antitoxins C. disease
A type of bacteria that lives on dead matter is: A. saprophytes B. flagella C. viruses D. parasites A saprophytes
Syphilis and lyme disease are caused by: A. cocci B. spirilla C. diplococci D. bacilli B. spirilla
Cocci are bacteria with a: A. spiral shape B. round shape C. corkscrew shape D. rod shape B. round shape
Bacilli are bacteria with a: A.corkscrew shape B. round shape C. spiral shape D. rod shape D. rod shape
Bacteria that are arranged like a string of beads and cause strep throat and blood poisoning are: A. streptococci B bacilli C. diplococci D. staphylococci A. streptococci
Spirilla are bacteria with a: A. corkscrew shape B. round shape C.flat shape D. rod shape A. corkscrew shape
The bacteria that caused concern in 2000 in the pedicure industry was: A.treponemo pallida B. pseudomonas aeruginosa C. borrelia burgdorferi D mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis D. mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis
The bacteria that rarely show active motility, or self-movement, are the: A. flagella B. cocci C. bacilli D. spirilla B cocci
The slender, hair like extensions with which certain bacteria move about are called: A. spores B. flagella C. saprophytes D. diplococci B. flagella
Bacteria cells reproduce by simply dividing into two new cells in a process called: A. mitosis B. motility C. the vegetative stage D. the spore-forming stage A. mitosis
During their inactive stage, certain bacteria, such as the anthrax and tetanus bacilli, form: A. flagella B. spores C. daughter cells D. toxins B. spores
A communicabel disease is: A. not transferred from one person to another B. prevented by vaccination C. transmitted from one person to another D. caused by nonpathogenic bacteria C. transmitted from one person to another
A general infection, such as ___, affects the whole body. A. a skin lesion B. syphillis C. a pimple D. an epidemic B. syphillis
Pus is a sign of: A. epidemic B. acquired immunity C. natural immunity D. infection D. infection
Viruses cause: A. tuberculosis and tetanus B. strep throat and blood poisoning C. abscesses and boils D. measles and hepatitis D. measles and hepatitis
One difference between viruses and bacteria is that bacteria: A. can live on their own B. become part of cells C. are resistant to antibiotics D. can penetrate cells A. can live on their own
Hepatitis is a disease marked by inflammation of the: A. stomach B. kidneys C. heart D. liver D. liver
Acquired immune deficiencey syndrome breaks down the body's: A. digestive system B. skeletal system C. immune system D. nervous system C. immune system
AIDS is caused by: A. the herpes virus B. poor personal hygiene C. the HIV virus D. contaminated food C. the HIV virus
The HIV virus can be transmitted by: A. sharing food B. kissing C. casual contact D. sharp implements D. sharp implements
Bacteria and viruses can enter the body through: A. oily skin B. dry skin C. broken skin D. moist skin C. broken skin
Molds, mildews, and yeasts are all: A. saprophytes B. viruses C. fungi D. bacteria C. fungi
In a cosmetology school or a salon, clients with contagious diseases and conditions should be: A. diagnosed and treated B. sanitized and disinfected C. referred to a physician D. given medications C. referred to a physician
Resistance to infection is known as: A. immunity B. superiority C. immunization D. DNA A. immunity
Surfaces of tools or other objects that are not free from dirt, oils, and microbes are: A. contaminated B. sterile C. infected D. pathogenic A. contaminated
Removing pathogens and other substances from tools or surfaces is called: A. scrubbing B. decontamination C. autoclave sterilization D. cleaning B. decontamination
Sterilization is the only level of decontamination that kills: A. bacterial spores B. both bacteria and viruses C. the HIV virus D. tuberculosis bacteria A.bacterial spores
Sterilization is used by: A.cosmetologists B. housekeepers C. Surgeons D. nail technicians C. surgeons
Surfaces that may be disinfected are: A. skin B. nail plates C. nonporous surfaces D. wood C. nonporous surfaces
Disinfectants should never be used on human skin, hair, or nails because: A. they are not strong enough B. they may be drying C.damage can result D. they may stain skin C. damage can result
All disinfectants must be approved by each individual state and the: A.EPA B.OSHA C.MSDS D. FDA A. EPA
Every product used in the cosmetology school or salon should have a/an: A.OSHA registration number B. warranty C. opaque container D. MSDS D. MSDS
Important information found on an MSDS includes: A. storage requirements B. resale value of product C. other suppliers of product D. other uses of product A. storage requirements
OSHA was created to regulate and enforce: A. household accidents B. safety and health standards C. salon hazardous actions D. sanitary homes B. safety and health standards
A disinfectant that is "formulated for hospitals and health care facilities" must be pseudomonacidal bactericidal, fungicidal and: A. easy to dilute B. inexpensive C. pneumonicidal D virucidal D. virucidal
A salon implement that comes into contact w/blood or body fluids should be cleaned & completely immersed in an EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or one that kills the: A.herpes, hepatitis virus B.HIV, AIDS virus C.HIV, herpes virus D.HBV, HIV D. HBV & HIV
Any item that is used on a client must be disinfected or: A. given to the client B. discarded C. kept by the stylist D.washed B. discarded
Before soaking in a disinfectant, implements must be throughly: A. soaked B. dry C. cleaned D. heated C. cleaned
Ultrasonic bath cleaners are an effective way to clean tiny crevices in implements only when used with: A. 70% isopropyl alcohol B. sodium hypochlorite C. an effective disinfectant D. an effective astrigent C. an effective disinfectant
Most quaternary ammonium compounds disinfect implements in: A. 10-15 minutes B. 5-10 minutes C. 2-5 minutes D. 5-10 seconds A. 10-15 minutes
Phenolic disinfectants in 5 percent solution are used mostly for: A. skin sanitization B. rubber and plastic C. blood spills D. metal implements D. metal implements
Two disinfectants used in the salon in the past, but since replaced by more advanced and effective technologies, are: A.alcohol and bleach C.alcohol and quats C. phenols and bleach D. quats and phenols A. alcohol and bleach
States requiring hospital disinfection do not allow the use of___ for disinfection of implements. A. EPA-registered disinfectants B. quats C. alcohol D. phenols C. alcohol
The technical name for bleach is: A. sodium hydroxide B. sodium hypochlorite C. sodium chloride D. sodium hydroclorox B. sodium hypochlorite
A product that is not considered safe for salon use because it causes a number of health problems is: A. alcohol B. bleach C. antiseptics D. formalin D. formalin
Implements can be removed from disinfectants with any of these except: A. bare fingers B.tongs C. draining basket G. gloved hands A. bare fingers
The solution used in a wet sanitizer should be changed: A. whenever it looks cloudy B. once a day C.every other day D. once a week B. once a day
When mixing disinfectants, always: A. add disinfectant to water B.mix a weaker solution than recommended C. mix a stronger solution than recommended D. add water to the disinfectant A. add disinfectant to water
Properly disinfected implements should be stored in a/an: A. disinfected and covered container B. open container at station C. station drawer D. wet sanitizer A. disinfected and covered container
Ultraviolet sanitizers are useful for: A. storing dirty implements B. sterilizing implements C. disinfecting implements D. storing disinfected implements D. storing disinfected implements
Linens and capes or drapes should be used once and then laundered with: A.bleach B. quats C. phenols D. antiseptics A.bleach
Those parts of tools such as hair clippers that cannot be immersed in liquid: A. cannot be disinfected B. should be disinfected C. should be wiped with a wet towel D. should be rinsed quickly B. should be disinfected
Foot spas should be disinfected with an EPA-registered disinfectant with bactericidal, fungicidal, virucidal (and in some states tuberculocidal) efficacy: A. every two weeks B. once a week. C. after each client D. once a day C. after each client
Every two weeks, foot spas should be filled with ___ that should be left to sit overnight. A. a 5 % bleach solution B.an EPA-registered disinfectant C. a 5% quat solution D. hot soapy water A. a 5 % bleach solution
When disposing of contaminated wipes or cotton balls from a blood spill, they should be: A.dropped into a trash can B. double-bagged before disposing C. wrapped in a towel D. thrown into a dumpster B. double-bagged before disposing
The third, or lowest, level of decontamination is: A. trash removal B. disinfection C. infection control D. sanitation D. sanitation
Washing your hands is an example of: A.sterilization B. disinfection C. sanitation D. contamination C. sanitation
Rather than using bar soap, which can grow bacteria, you should provide: A alcohol wipes B. detergents C. diluted bleach D. pump-type liquid soap D. pump-type liquid soap
In the salon, it is generally considered sufficient to wash the hands with: A. plain water B. EPA-registered cleaner C. soap and warm water D. disinfectants C. soap and warm
The products known as antiseptics: A. are classified as disinfectants B. can safely be applied to skin C. do not kill bacteria D. are stronger than disinfectants B. can safely be applied to skin
Guidelines/controls that require employer/employee to assume all human blood/specified body fluids are infectious for HIV/HBV, & other bloodborne pathogens is called: A.HIV/HBV guidelines B.salon precautions C.disinfection control D.Universal precaution D.Universal precautions
Created by: hodges900