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Anatomy & Physiology

QuestionAnswer
Living plant and animal cells are enclosed by the: A.cytoplasm B.nucleus C.protoplasm D.cell membrane D. cell membrane
The study of the structures of the human body that can be seen with the naked eye is called: A.anatomy B.myology C.physiology D.histology A. anatomy
The substance of which all living cells are composed is called: A. protoplasm B. lymph C. leukocytes D. plasma A. protoplasm
Food materials for cellular growth and self-repair are found in the: A.daughter cell B.cell membrane C. cytoplasm D. nucleus C. cytoplasm
The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones is called: A.anabolism B. catabolism C. mitosis D. circulation A. anabolism
A tissue is a group of ___ that perform a specific function. A.systems B. cells C. membranes D. organs B. cells
The brain and spinal cord are examples of: A.nerve tissue B.connective tissue C.epithelial tissue D.muscular tissue A.nerve tissue
The tissue that serves as a protective covering on body surfaces is called: A.nerve tissue B.epithelial tissue C.connective tissue D.muscular tissue B. epithelial tissue
The heart, lungs, kidneys, stomach and intestines are body: A.organs B.functions C.systems D.tissues A.organs
The circulatory system includes these organs: A.oil and sweat glands B.lungs and air passages C.stomach and salivary glands D.heart and blood vessels D. heart and blood vessels
The body system that serves as the physical foundation of the body is the: A.skeletal system B. nervous system C.respiratory system D. circulatory system A. skeletal system
The scientific study of the anatomy, structure and functions of bones is called: A.trichology B.biology C.osteology D.myology C. osteology
The portion of the skull that protects the brain is the: A.cranium B.frontal bone C.mandible D. facial skeleton A. cranium
An important function of bones is: A.producing red and white blood cells B.stimulating blood circulation C.stimulating the muscles D. producing calcium A. producing red and white blood cells
The two bones that form the sides and crown of the cranium are the: A.frontal bones B. temporal bones C. occipital bones D. parietal bones D. parietal bones
The U-shaped bone that is commonly called the "Adam's apple" is the: A.nasal bone B.carpus C.mandible D.hyoid D. hyoid
The bony cage that serves as a protective framework for the heart, lungs and other organs is the: A. scapula B.phalanges C.thorax D. sternum C. thorax
The cheekbones are also called the: A.maxillae B. zygomatic bones C.lacrimal bones D. temporal bones B. zygomatic bones
The largest and strongest bone of the face is the: A. zygomatic bone B. lacrimal bone C.maxilla D. mandible D. mandible
The place where two or more bones connect is called a/an: A. tendon B. origin C. joint D. ligament C. joint
The temporal bones form the: A. lower jaw B. sides of the head C.forehead D.eye sockets B. sides of the head
The bones of the forearm are the: A. phalanges B. ulna and radius C.carpus and metacarpus D. humerus and radius B. ulna and radius
The 14 bones in the fingers of each hand are the: A. phalanges B. clavicles C. carpals D. digits A. phalanges
The bridge of the nose is formed by the: A. frontal bones B. lacrimal bones C.nasal bones D. zygomatic bones C. nasal bones
The place of attachment of a muscle to a immovable section of the skeleton is called the: A. belly B. origin C. insertion D. ligament B. origin
The study of the structure, functions and diseases of the muscles is called: A. neurology B.osteology C. cardiology D myology D. myology
The muscles that are attached to the bones and are controlled by the will are the: A. visceral muscles B. nonstriated muscles C. striated muscles D. cardiac muscles C. striated muscles
The muscle that covers the top of the skull is the: A. procerus B. latissimus dorsi C. epicranius D. aponeurosis C. epicranius
The muscle that rings the eye socket is the: A.orbicularis oculi B. auricularis superior C. procerus D. orbicularis oris A. orbicularis oculi
The muscles of chewing or mastication are the: A. pectoralis major and minor B.zygomaticus major and minor C. buccinator and mentalis muscles D. masseter and temporalis muscles D. masseter and temporalis muscles
One of the muscles that control the swinging movements of the arm is the: A. deltoid B. trapezius C. serratus anterior D. extensor B. trapezius
The muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head is the: A. pectoralis B. sternocleidomastoideus C. orbicularis oris D. platysma B. sternocleidomastoideus
The muscles that draw the finger together are the: A. extensors B.opponents C. adductors D. abductors C. adductors
The brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and cranial nerves make up the: A. autonomic nervous system B. circulatory system C. central nervous system D. peripheral nervous system C. central nervous system
The largest and most complex nerve tissue in the body is the: A. fifth cranial nerve B. spinal cord C. spinal nerves D. brain D. brain
The sensations of touch, cold, heat, sight, and hearing are carried to the brain by:A. reflexes B. motor nerves C.sensory nerves D. efferent nerves C. sensory nerves
The part of the nerve cell, or neuron, that sends impulses away from the cell body to other neurons, glands or muscles is the: A. spinal cord B.axon C. cell body D.dendrites B. axon
A branch of the fifth cranial nerve affecting the external ear and skin above the temple is the: A. auriculotemporal nerve B. infraorbital nerve C. mental nerve D. infratrochlear nerve A. auriculotemporal nerve
The point and lower side of the nose are affected by the: A. nasal nerve B.supraorbital nerve C. intratrochlear nerve D. supratrochlear nerve A. nasal nerve
The largest cranial nerve is the: A. mental nerve B.supraorbital nerve C. maxillary nerve D. fifth cranial nerve D. fifth cranial nerve
The skin of the forehead and eyebrows is affected by the: A. infraorbital nerve (in-frah-OR-bih-tul) B. supraorbital nerve (soo-pruh-OR-bih-tul) C. infratrochlear nerve (in-frah-TRAHK-lee-ur) D. supratrochlear nerve (soo-pruh-TRAHK-lee-ur) B. supraorbital nerve (soo-pruh-OR-bih-tul)
The chief motor nerve of the face is the: A. seventh cranial nerve B. supraorbital nerve C. fifth cranial nerve D. mental nerve A. seventh cranial nerve
The nerve that affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek is the: A. posterior auricular nerve B. temporal nerve C.buccal nerve D.zygomatic nerve D. zygomatic nerve
The muscles of the mouth are affected by the: A. mandibular nerve B. buccal nerve C. posterior auricular nerve D.zygomatic nerve B. buccal nerve
The nerves that originate at the spinal cord are the: A.radial nerves B. mandibular nerves C. zygomatic nerve D. cervical nerves D. cervical nerves
The cervical nerve that affects the front and sides of the neck as far down as the breastbone is the: A. lesser auricular nerve B. greater occipital nerve C. lesser occipital nerve D. cervical cutaneous nerve D. cervical cutaneous nerve
The sensory motor nerve that, with its branches, supplies the thumb side of the arm and back of the hand is the: A. radial nerve B. ulnar nerve C. digital nerve D. median nerve A. radial nerve
One of four principal nerves of the arm and hand that supplies the fingers is the: A. digital nerve B. median nerve C. ulnar nerve D. radial nerve A digital nerve
The steady circulation of blood through the body is controlled by the: A. circulatory system B. skeletal system C. lymphatic systme D. nervous system A. circulatory system
The blood-vascular system comprises the heart, arteries, veins, and: A. ventricles B. capillaries C. lymphatics D. atria B. capillaries
The upper heart chambers are called the: A. Valves B. capillaries C. atria D. lymph C. atria
The interior of the heart contains the atria and the: A. valves B.ventricles C. lymph D. capillaries B. ventricles
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called: A. capillaries B. arteries C. valves D. veins B. arteries
Vessels that carry blood to the heart are called: A. capillaries B. arteries C. valves D. veins D. veins
The clear yellowish fluid that circulates in the lymphatics of the body is the: A.veins B. neuron C. plasma D. lymph D. lymph
The membrane that encloses the heart is the: A. atria B. pericardium C. lymph D.aorta B. pericardium
Blood is composed of red and white corpuscles, platelets, plasma and: A. leukocytes B.erythrocytes C. hemoglobin D. thrombocytes C. hemoglobin
The human body has eight to ten pints of the nutritive fluid called: A. platelets B. blood C.leukocytes D. plasma B. blood
The fluid part of blood in which platelets and blood cells flow is: A. Pericardium B. plasma C. thrombocytes D. hemoglobin B. plasma
Cells that contribute to the blood-clotting process are: A. plasma B. platelets C. white corpuscles D. red corpuscles B. platelets
Hemoglobin, which gives blood its bright red color, is found in the: A.platelets B. red blood cells C.leukocytes D. white corpuscles B red blood cells
One of the critical functions blood performs is: A. keeping itself from clotting B.varying the body's temperature C.carrying nutritive substances to all body cells D. carring carbon dioxide to all body cells C. carrying nutritive substances to all body cells
Lymph is circulated through the lymphatic vessels and filtered by the: A. leukocytes B. platelets C. lymph nodes D. arteries C. lymph nodes
The brain, eyes, eyelids and nose are supplied blood by the: A. external maxillary artery B. internal carotid artery C parietal artery D. external carotid artery B. internal carotid artery
The artery that supplies blood to the upper lip and nose region is the: A. inferior labial artery B.superior labial artery C. submental artery D. angular artery B. superior labial artery
The external maxillary artery is also known as the: A. superficial temporal artery B. facial artery C. occipital artery D. posterior auricular artery B. facial artery
The artery that supplies blood to the temples is the: A.anterior auricular artery B. frontal artery C. middle temporal artery D. parietal artery C. middle temporal artery
Two branches of the internal carotid artery that are important to know are the: A. occipital and posterior auricular B. supraorbital and infraorbital C. anterior and posterior auricular D. supraorbital and superorbital B. supraorbital and infraorbital
The two arteries that are the main supply of blood to the arms and hands are called the: A.erythrocytes and leukocytes B. facial and external maxillary arteries C. internal and external carotid arteries D. ulnar and radial D. ulnar and radial
The group of specialized glands affecting development and sexual activities is the: A. excretory system B. endocrine system C. digestive system D. circulatory system B. endocrine system
The sweat and oil glands of the skin are: A. duct glands B. hormonal glands C. ductless glands D. endocring glands A. duct glands
Insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen are all examples of: A. hormones B. digestive enzymes C. duct glands D. platelets A. hormones
The digestive system is also called the: A. excretory system B.integumentary system C.gastrointestinal system D. respiratory system C. gastrointestinal system
The body system that enables breathing is the: A. endocrine system B.circulatory system C. excretory system D. respiratory system D. respiratory system
The skin plays an important role in the excretory system because it eliminates: A. oxygen B. bile C. perspiration D carbon dioxide C. perspiration
Created by: hodges900