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Australia Key Terms
These are important key terms to remember for the Australia test!
|Who were the indigenous people of Australia?
|What country colonized Australia?
|Who claimed Australia for Great Britain?
|Captain James Cook
|What was Australia first used for?
|What kind of economy is Australia?
|Since Australia is a mixed economy, is it leaning more toward market or command?
|If you could describe Australia's government in three words, what would those three words be?
|Federal Parlimentary Democracy
|Is you could describe Australia's government with two more words, what would those two more words be?
|Who is the constitutional monarchy of Australia?
|Queen Elizabeth III
|Who represents the queen?
|Why is it easy to start a business in Australia?
|1. It takes less than a week 2. The government has less control over businesses
|What is a tariff?
|A tax on imports
|What is a quota?
|A limit on imports
|What is an embargo?
|A ban on imports
|What is a federal government?
|When the power is divided between the national and regional governments
|What is a unitary government?
|When all the power is held by one central group or authority
|What is a parlimentary democracy?
|The people vote for the members of parliment, and the members of parliment vote for the leader/prime minister
|What is a presidential democracy?
|The people vote for the congress and the leader
|What is Australian's currency?
|The Australian Dollar
|Why does Australia have a high GDP and standard of living?
|The economy and the country is well developed and citizens have good healthcare and education
|What are some economic problems?
|1. Worst conditions = Aborigines 2. Life expectancy is lower for them 3. Don't get a lot of income 4. Don't have good healthcare