Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

MCAT Org. Chem Ch. 6

Aldehydes Terminal functional groups containing a carbonyl bound to at least one hydrogen. Suffix: -al. Prefix: oxo-. In rings, suffix: -carbaldehyde
Ketones Internal functional groups containing a carbonyl bound to two alkyl chains. Suffix: -one. Prefix: oxo- or keto-
Reactivity Of A Carbonyl (C=O) Is Dictated By: The polarity of the double bond. The carbon has a partial pos. charge and is therefore electrophilic.
Carbonyl-Containing Compounds Have Higher Boiling Points Than: Equivalent alkanes because of dipole interactions.
Alcohols Have Higher Boiling Points Than Carbonyls Because Of: Hydrogen bonding
Aldehydes And Ketones Are Commonly Produced By: Oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols
Pyridinium Chlorochromate (PCC) Is A Weak Oxidizing Agent Used For: Synthesizing aldehydes or the reaction will continue oxidizing to the level of the carboxylic acid
Various Oxidizing Agents Can Be Used For Ketones Such As Dichromate, Chromium Trioxide, or PCC Because: Ketones are the most oxidized functional group for secondary carbons
When A Nucleophile Attacks And Forms A Bond With A Carbonyl Carbon: Electrons in the pi bond are pushed to oxygen. If there is no good leaving group, carbonyl will remain open and is protonated to form an alcohol. If there is a good leaving group, the carbonyl will reform and kick off the leaving group.
In Hydration Reactions, Water Adds To A Carbonyl To Form: A geminal diol
When One Equivalent Of Alcohol Reacts With An Aldehyde: A hemiacetal is formed.
When One Equivalent Of Alcohol Reacts With A Ketone: A hemiketal is formed.
When Another Equiv. Of Alcohol Reacts With A Hemiacetal Via Nucleophilic Substitution: An acetal is formed.
When Another Equiv. Of Alcohol Reacts With A Hemiketal Via Nucleophilic Substitution A ketal is formed
Nitrogen And Nitrogen Derivatives React With Carbonyls To Form: Imines, oximes, hydrazones, and semicarbazones
Imines Can Tautomerize To Form: Enamines
Hydrogen Cyanide Reacts With Carbonyls For Form: Cyanohydrins
Aldehydes Can Be Oxidized To: Carboxylic acids using an oxidizing agent like KMnO4, CrO3, Ag2O, or H2O2.
Aldehydes Can Be Further Reduced To: Secondary alcohols via hydride reagents (LiAlH4, NaBH4)
Ketones Can Be Reduced To: Secondary alcohols via hydride reagents.
Ketones Cannot Be Further Oxidized (True Or False) TRUE
Created by: SamB91
Popular MCAT sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards