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History ch.29

Chapter 29: WW2 and it's aftermath vocab

Appeasement Giving into the demands of an aggressor in order to keep peace
Pacifism Opposition to all war
Neutrality Acts A series of laws that stopped the selling of war supplies to warring nations
Axis powers The three nations that were allied that were Germany, Italy, and Tokyo
Anschluss The union of Germany and Austria
Nazi-soviet pact Bound hitler and Stalin to peaceful relations
Holocaust The systematic genocide of about six million Jews by the nazis
Lend-lease Act FDR's law that allowed him to sell or lend war materials who "any country who's defense the President deems vital to the defense of the U.S.
Rosie the Riveter A character that women in America symbolized after women replaced the men in working jobs
Aircraft carriers Ships that transport aircraft and accommodate the take off and landing of airplanes
Battle of Stalingrad Germany was trying to take control of Stalingrad, but was defeated by the Allies
D-Day June 6, 1944- the invasion of France
Yalta Conference 1945- the three leaders agreed that the Soviet Union should enter the war against japan within three months of Germany's surrender.
V-E Day (Victory in Europe) the day when Germany surrenders
Nuremburg After the war, there were war crime trials heled against former Nazi leaders
United Nations international organization established after WW2 with the goal of keeping peace and cooperation in the international community
The Cold War a state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the U.S. in one side and the countries aligned with the Soviet Union on the other
Truman Doctrine policy that was rooted in the idea of limiting ommunism in the areas already under Soviet control
Marshall plan massive aid package offered by U.S. to Europe to help rebiuld countries after WW2
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 1949- The U.S., Canada, and 10 other countries formed this military alliance
Warsaw Pact 1955- the Soviet Union responded to the NATO by forming this military alliance with seven other satellite countries in Eastern Europe
Created by: othomas