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S. S. Ch. 14

Immigrant Someone who is moved into the country
Irish Potato Famine Disease that caused rot in potatoes which caused Irish immigrants to come to America
German Immigration U. S. offered a greater economic opportunity and more freedom from government control
Nativists Americans and others who opposed immigration
Know-Nothing Party Activists that founded a political organization that supported measures making it difficult for foreigners to become citizens or hold office
Middle Class Social and economic level between the wealthy and the poor
Tenements Poorly designed apartment buildings that housed large numbers of people
Transcendentalism The belief that people could transcend (rise above) material things in life
"Nothing great in life was ever achieved without enthusiasm" Ralph Waldo Emerson
Second Great Awakening During the 1790s and early 1800s, some Americans took part in a Christian renewal movement
Temperance Movement Movement to stop drinking by wanting to ban alcohol
Dorothy Dix Middle-class reformer who visited prisoners throughout Massachusetts starting in 1841
McGuffey's Readers Most popular textbooks
Horace Mann Father of the public school system
Abolition Complete end to slavery
William Lloyd Garrison Published an abolitionist newspaper, the Liberator, beginning in 1831
American Anti-Slavery Society The members wanted immediate emancipation and racial equality for African Americans. Founder: Garrison
Frederick Douglass Escaped slavery and is one of the most famous American leaders
Sojourner Truth Slave that contributed to the abolitionist cause of people who arranged transportation and hid
Underground Railroad Not an actual railroad, but was a network of people who arranged transportation and hiding places for fugitives, or escaped slaves
Harriet Tubman Most famous and daring conductor on the U. R.
Gag rule Forbade Congress from discussing antislavery petitions
Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women Pamphlet by Sarah Grimke that argued for equal rights for women
Seneca Falls Convention The first public meeting about woman's rights held in the U. S. (NYC 1848)
Declaration of Sentiments This document detailed beliefs about social injustice toward women
Susan B. Anthony Brought strong organizational skills to the women's rights movement
Created by: archergirl