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Ch.6 India

Ancient India

Subcontinent Large area of land separated by land features from the rest of the continent
Himalayas the highest mountains in the world
Indus River the earliest civilization settle along this river and empties into the Arabian Sea
Ganges River Holy river that flows into the Bay of Bengal
Harappa & Mohenjo Dara two major cities in the Indus Valley
Monsoons strong winds that are an important part of the Indian climate
Aryans Earliest Immigrants to India from Eastern Europe and western Asia
Vedas Ancient Books of Hinduism (sacred writings)
Sanskrit Language of India first spoken by Aryans
Brahmins priests who could perform religious ceremonies
Caste A group within a Indian social class
Untouchables Lowest class with little rights
Hinduism Oldest Aryans religion, which still is widely practiced today
Karma Consequences of how a person lives
Reincarnation A belief that a soul will live on after death and return to a new body
Siddhartha (Buddha) An Indian Prince who helped create Buddhism to end suffering of his people
Raja An Indian Prince
Nirvana when a person gives up all desires and enters a state of wisdom
Buddhism A religion to end suffering
Asoka hated violence and followed the teachings of Buddhism
Chandragupta Maurya founded India's first empire
Created by: SFSD