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Civil War Events

Some Key Battles/Events of the Civil War

Fort Sumter, April 1861 First battle fought in South Carolina, Charleston Leader was Major Anderson who had a small army and a less defensible position and refused to surrender and he was short on supplies and men and after over 30 hours of bombardment he surrendered the fort.
First Battle of Bull Run, July 1861 Poor leadership, miscommunication,and the inability of Union forces to position themselves allowed for Confederate forces to be reinforced.Confederate victory, the battle seemed to sober both sides and that this may be a long and bloody war.
Antietam, September 1862 Lee for the Confederacy and McClellan for the Union. Victory for the Union, McClellan wastes an opportunity to destroy Lee’s army. This battle pushed Lee out of Maryland and the “victory” gave Lincoln the opportunity to make the Emancipation Proclamation.
Emancipation Proclamation, Effective January 1, 1863 This presidential proclamation (not a law passed by congress) freed all slaves in rebelling states and made it legal for blacks to enlist in the U.S. Armed Forces. This did not change the status of slavery in states that were loyal to the union.
Vicksburg, July 4, 1863 Grant for Union and Pemberton for Confederacy. Surrender of Vicksburg by Confederacy and Port Hudson, a few days later Mississippi River for Union cut off Arkansas and Texas from Confederacy reopened shipping lines to Gulf for Union. Grant’s campaign is a
Gettysburg, July 1- July 3 1863 Lee for the Confederacy and Meade for Union, considered turning point for the war, Union secured the better terrain withstood attacks from Confederacy. Lee overestimated his army, underestimated the Union Army, ordered assault was disastrous for his army.
Union Blockade U.S. Naval blockade of the Confederacy. Although many ships managed to elude the blockade, the blockade was successful in damaging the Confederate economy (cotton exports were reduced severely) and hampered the import of food, medicine, and war materials.
Sherman's March, November- December 1844 Sherman marches his troops across Georgia from Atlanta to Savanah. He not only destroyed military targets, but he also destroyed civilian and industrial property including telegraph lines and railroads.
Created by: kristyvland
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