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West Ex Indus Rev

QuestionAnswer
Louisiana Purchase an agreement that almost doubled the size of the U.S.
expedition a journey taken by a group of people with a specific purpose
embargo a law that is passed to prohibit
nationalism loyalty and devotion to a nation
Monroe Doctrine an American policy warning Europeans powers not to interfere with the Americans
Indian Territory U.S. land in what is now Oklahoma where Congress planned to move the Native Americans
frontier outer edge of a settled region
pioneer an early settler of a region
wagon train the common method of transportation to the West, in which wagons traveled in groups for safety
Gold Rush in 1849 when many settlers moved to California in search of gold
textile fabric that is woven
enconomy the way that a society or nation produces and distributes goods and services
industrialization the process of moving from an agricultural society, in which most goods are handmade, to a society that thrives on machine-manufactured goods
technology the use of human knowledge to create tools and machines that allow us to navigate and control the environment; does not have to be electric
Louisiana Purchase -cost the U.S. $15 million -brought from France -Doubled size of U.S. from Mississippi River to Rocky Montains
Lewis & Clark -Goals: map river; make friends with Native Americans; look for river passage that flowed to Pacific Ocean -were sent on an expedition by Thomas Jefferson
Indian Removal Act -gold was found on Indian territory and settlers wanted it -Congress issued the Indian Removal Act to push Indians off their land to Indian Territory in Oklahoma
Trail of Tears an 880 mile journey that included over 60,000 Native Americans from tribes that took place from 1831-1842 -stretched from Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi and Oklahoma
Indian Tribes Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek, Cherokee
Reasons pioneers moved West trade for fur and with Mexicans, rich resources, land milder climate, religious freedom, search for gold
Oregon Trail 2,000 mi long; oxen, horses, and mules pulled wagons; cost about $600 for family of four; hardships included shortage of food, supplies, water, rough weather, rivers, and moutains
Gold Rush people went to San Francisco in 1849 to find gold; little gold was found; people who made money were inventors and market men
Levi Strauss invented durable jeans for the miners in the gold rush
Samuel Slater invented first cotton spinning-mill; started Industrial Rev in U.S.
Francis Cabot Lowell first factory that combined machines which spun cotton into yarn with power looms; importance-workers with different skills working under one roof; cloth was made faster
Eli Whitney invented cotton gin and interchangeable parts; 50 times more growth in the production of cotton; factories made identical parts at the same time
Robert Fulton invented steamboat, the Clermont; able to travel up and downriver
Erie Canal connected Hudson River to Lake Erie and the rest of Great Lakes making it easier to transport goods from Midwest to East Coast
Railroads moved people and goods more quickly, less expensively, and went farther; connected people nationwide and allowed farmers and factory owners to ship their products all over the country
Samuel Morse invented telegraph; faster way to communicate because of signals that could travel to any place with wires
Cyrus McCormick invented mechanical reaper; could cut more grain in a few hours than 2 to 3 men could do in a day
John Deere invented steal plow; made it easier for farmers of Great Plains to plow their heavy, sticky soil
Elias Howe invented sewing machine; moved process of making clothes from home to factories and now clothing could be sold in stores
Created by: 1963856228
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