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ch.11 vocab

U.s History chapter 11 vocabulary

TermDefinition
Anaconda plan a three part strategy by which the Union proposed to defeat the Confederacy in the civil war.
Andersonville worst confederate prison.
Antietam proved to be the bloodiest single-day battle in American history.
Appomattox Court house famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant.
Bull Run 25 miles from union capital. 1st blood battle.
Chancellorsville South defeated north. forced union army to retreat. Union general Jackson was captured and died in captivity.
Clara Barton Nurse founded American Red Cross.
Conscription a draft that would force certain members of the population to serve in the army.
Copperheads a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War.
David G. Farragut sixty year old commander for union. Captured New Orleans.
Emancipation Proclamation January 1st 1863. freed slaves from south but not from north.
Fort pillow fort where black Union soldiers were massacred after surrendering.
Fort Sumter 1st battle of civil war where no blood is shed.
George McClellan Union General for the Army at Potomac.
Gettysburg The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863. Union won.
Gettysburg Address a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Habeas corpus a court order requiring authorities to bring a prisoner before the court so the court can decide weather or not it is legal to hold them.
Income tax a tax on earnings.
Merrimack ironclad ship used by the south.
Monitor Ironclad ship used by the north.
Robert E. Lee Confederate general after Johnson passed it down due to injuries.
Shiloh Battle in Tennessee no one won. but taught both sides great lessons.
Stonewall Jackson Confederate General. got nick name stonewall because he "stood like a stonewall."
Ulysses S. Grant Unconditional Surrender. General for union army.
Vicksburg The union forces wanted to capture Vicksburg in order to control to Mississippi River. (Union) Gen. Grant surrounded Vicksburg and bombed it for a month. The people and Confederate soldiers starved until they surrendered.
William Tecumseh Sherman United States general who was commander of all Union troops in the West he captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea that cut the Confederacy in two (1820-1891).
Created by: Katwill678