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DC AH S2 Unit 2

Study Guide

New York Yankees/Boston Braves A team that Babe Ruth played for in his 22 season career as a baseball player
Bolsheviks Originally part of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party, became Russian Communist party. Lead October Revolution in 1917 which overthrew the Russian Provisional Government. Main opponents were Mensheviks.
Boxing The modern Olympic movement revived interest in amateur sports, and this sport when it became an Olympic sport in 1908.
Charlie Chapman British comic actor and filmmaker who rose to fame in the silent era. He became a worldwide icon through his screen persona “The Tramp” and is considered one of the most important figures of the film industry
Cincinnati Red Stockings The first fully professional baseball team
The Clansmen The 1915 silent film directed by DW Griffith and was the first major motion picture
16th Amendment Gives the federal government to levy tax based off of income. Ratified February 3, 1913
17th Amendment Allows for the direct election of Senators, two per states for six years. April 8, 1913
18th Amendment Prohibition, ratified January 16, 1919, repealed December 5, 1933
Dollar Diplomacy Effort made by President William Taft, increased trade and investment by U.S. would lead to increased political influence. Main area was Central America and places such as China.
Eugene V. Debs American union leader, one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World , and five times the candidate of the Socialist Party of America for President of the United States.
Franz Ferdinand Archduke of Austria-Este, Austria-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austria-Hungarian throne. His assassination was the event that spark World War I.
Fordism Term that means mass production of inexpensive good coupled with high wages for workers. Low skill workers that use an assembly line. Man and machine workig together.
Fourteen Points A statement given on January 8, 1918 by United States President Woodrow Wilson declaring that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe.
Fundamentalism Churches focus less on religion and instead on progressive social reform. Emphasized literal readings of the Bible and rejected modern science. Publications and bible colleges flourished as a result. Fundamentalists disputed the theory of evolution
Great White Fleet Popular nickname for the United States Navy battle fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe by order of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. It consisted of 16 battleships divided into two squadrons, along with various escorts.
Henry Ford Inventor of the Model T and the assembly line. Said, “Any customer can have a car painted any color that he wants so long as it is black.”
Model T The first popular automobile introduced by Henry Ford on October 1, 1908
Hepburn Act 1906 United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction. This led to the discontinuation of free passes to loyal shippers.
Jack Dempsey He held the World Heavyweight Championship from 1919 to 1926, when he lost during the longest count
Jazz After radio popularity of certain artists many Americans came to enjoy it. These bands would often have their performances broadcast live from places in Harlem such as the Cotton Club and Small’s Paradise. Led the genre of music to mainstream popularity
Speakeasy Locations where Jazz became a national movement, and you could get a little drink on the side
Chicago City that was the center of the Jazz movement
Louis Armstrong African American Trumpet player who was a master of the New Orleans style of Jazz
Jazz Singer The first film with synchronized voices, successfully released in 1927
Jim Crow Laws Racial segregation laws enacted after the Reconstruction period in Southern United States. Black people were not able to have the same benefits of education, transportation, job opportunities, etc. making white men superior
Lusitania A British liner sunk on May 7, 1915 by a German U-boat after Germany declared any neutral or enemy ship would be sunk on the British Isles. 1.2k people dead, 128 American. The Lusitania had been carrying war materials, passengers warned of attack
Mann Act Named after Congressman James Mann. Made prostitution as it was deemed “immoral” and human trafficking (although mainly when the trafficking was for prostitution) felonies. An act of protective legislation and moral reform during the progressive era
Mary Pickford A Canadian-American actress and helped found the film studio United Artists and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Was known as “America’s Sweetheart,” “Little Marry,” and the “girl with the curls.”
Modernism Philosophical movement in the 19th/20th century that arose with expansion of cities and WWI. Modernists rejected enlightenment thinking. Made many creations involving art, architecture, literature, philosophy, and science to fit industrialized world
Muckrakers Muckrakers were Progressive journalists that felt they needed to expose injustices and publish it. These would be in magazines, centered around corruption, racial issues, poverty, and unfair or illegal working conditions.
Progressivism A philosophy and reform movement focused on making progress in all areas such as science, industry, etc. Reached peak in the early 20th century. Associated with left-wing politics. Presidents would accepts its ideas i.e. Ted Roosevelt/Woodrow Wilson.
Radio Networks Part of a mobile telecommunication system. It implements a radio access technology. It resides between a device such as a mobile phone, a computer,or any remotely controlled machine and provides connection with its core network.
CBS American commercial broadcast television network which started as a radio network. it continues to operate a radio network and a portfolio of television and radio stations in large and mid-sized markets. (Columbia Broadcasting system)
NBC (National Broadcasting Company) American tv and radio network. Comcast building in NYC’s Rockefeller Center with offices near LA and Chicago. (Peacock Network) Formed in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America. Oldest major broadcast network in the U.S.
Reparations Making amends for wrongdoings either through financial means or by helping those who have been wronged in other ways. After losing World War I, the Central Powers were required to make reparations to the Allied and Associated Powers.
Roosevelt Served as the 32nd president of the United States during the Great Depression and was a democrat. He built the New Deal. He is known as one of the top presidents of the United States
Conservation The act of preserving, guarding, or protecting;wise use.
Panama Canal Allows ships to pass between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Traffic continues to increase through the canal. France began to work on the Canal in 1881. United States took over the project in 1904.
Roosevelt Corollary Addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in the state of the union address in 1904. States that the US will intervene in the conflicts between European countries and Latin American countries.
Rudolph Valentino An Italian born American actor who starred in several known silent films. He was an early pop icon and a sex symbol known as the “Latin lover”.
Selective Service Act An act to authorize the President to increase temporarily the military establishment of the United States. Created the Draft for World War I
Spanish Flu The 1918 flu pandemic; an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first H1N1 Virus pandemic. It infected 500 million people across the world and killed 50 to 100 million of them three to five percent of the world's population
Spirit of Neutrality Described by former President Woodrow Wilson as “the spirit of impartiality and fairness and friendliness to all concerned.” This had been said during his address to Congress due to tensions in WWI rising and he was hoping to avoid the people taking sides
Titanic RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City, US.
Upton Sinclair Gained popularity for the Jungle which exposed conditions in the meat packing industry. He also published The Brass Check, an expose focusing on yellow journalism. Four years after the Brass Check the first code of ethics for journalists was created.
The Jungle Exposed conditions in the American meat packing industry, this novel helped to pass the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. Written by Upton Sinclair
Vaudeville Popular in the United States and Canada from the early 1880’s until the early 1930’s this venue is where a lot of musicians had their start
Wright Brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright, inventors of the first working airplane These two men changed the transportation industry forever on December 17, 1903 with the first controlled, powered, and heavier than air human flight.
Kitty Hawk, North Carolina The location that this plane was first flown at
Warner Brothers, MGM, Columbia Major motion picture companies that established themselves during the 1920’s
Zimmerman Telegram In January of 1917, British cryptographers deciphered a telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, von Eckhardt, offering United States territory to Mexico in return for joining the German cause.
The two baseball leagues were rivals that fought for the best players, often disregarding each other’s contracts and engaging in bitter legal disputes, how many teams did each have? 8 or 16 total
Created by: ozy
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